One of the USS Hornet’s 5-inch guns.
(Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel, Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Inc.)
The wreck of the World War II aircraft carrier USS Hornet (CV-8) was discovered from the Solomon Islands by a research organization founded by the late billionaire Paul Allen.
The carrier is located in the end of January by the crew of the research vessel, the Petrel resting on the floor of the South Pacific, according to a statement released by Allen’s Vulcan organization Tuesday. Vulcan oversees Allen’s network of organizations and initiatives, including the R/V Petrel research.
Researchers used data from the national and naval archives to find the ship, as well as the measures that are reported by other ships involved in the fateful Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in 1942. The wreck was found at a depth of nearly 17,500 feet.
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“Positions, and observations of nine other AMERICAN warships in the area were plotted on a graph to generate, the starting point for the search grid,” said All of the organization in a statement. “In the case of the Hornet, she was discovered on the first dive of a mission of Troublemaker’s autonomous underwater vehicle, and confirmed by the video footage of the remotely operated vehicle.”
5-inch gun director on the USS Hornet’s deck. (Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel, Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Inc.)
Hornet is best known for her role in the famous Doolittle raid on Japan in April 1942. The air raid was formed in the wake of Pearl Harbor, according to the naval History and Heritage Command, and was the first attack on the Japanese homeland by AMERICAN planes. Although none of the 16 B-25 bombers launched from the Hornet was their designated landing strip in China, the raid was a major boost to the AMERICAN morale.
The aircraft carrier was also involved in the decisive battle of Midway in June 1942, when the AMERICAN naval forces defeated a Japanese fleet.
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Hornet was sunk during the brutal battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, which raged from Oct. 25-Oct. 27, 1942. After enduring relentless attacks from Japanese bombers and torpedo aircraft, Hornet’s crew is forced to abandon ship, All of the organization listed. Attempts to scuttle the carrier by the U.S. Navy were not successful and it took four torpedoes to launch by two Japanese destroyers to finally sink Hornet in the late evening of oct. 26. Out of her crew of approximately 2200, 111 sailors lost their lives in the battle.
Oerlikon guns on the USS Hornet’s port aft deck.
(Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel, Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Inc.)
The USS Enterprise, another Yorktown-class carrier, severe damage sustained in the battle. “With the loss of the Hornet, and serious damage to the Company, the Battle of Santa Cruz was a Japanese victory, but at a very high cost,” said the rear admiral B. d.) Samuel Cox, director of the naval History and Heritage Command, in a statement. “About half of the Japanese planes were shot down by a much-improved U.S. Navy anti-aircraft defenses. As a result, the Japanese carriers did not recur in the fight for almost two years.”
“We had a Hornet on our list of second world WAR warships that we wanted to search for his place in history as an aircraft carrier that saw many key moments in battles,” said Robert Kraft, director of the subsea activities for Vulcan, in a statement. “Paul Allen was especially interested in historically important and capital ships, so that this mission and discovery honor his legacy.”
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Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, died in October 2018 from complications of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
1.1 inch anti-aircraft guns on the USS Hornet. (Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel, Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Inc.)
The research organization founded by Allen has plenty of historic military shipwrecks, including the wreck of the Hiei, the first Japanese battleship to be sunk by AMERICAN forces during the second world War. The group also has the wrecks of the USS Helena, the USS Lexington and the USS Juneau.
Vulcan’s greatest discovery, however, came in 2017, when Allen and his team found the long-lost wreck of the USS Indianapolis in the Philippine Sea.
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Researchers around the world work to sites of the second world War wrecks. The wreckage of the AMERICAN B-24 bomber, for example, was discovered in Papua New Guinea, in a separate project. The plane wreck was found in 2018, 74 years after it was shot down during a fierce battle with Japanese troops.
F4F-4 Wildcat with wings folded (Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel, Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Inc.)
Last summer, a team of scientists from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California in San Diego and the University of Delaware is the missing stern of the destroyer USS Abner Read, which was destroyed by a Japanese mine in the remote Aleutian Islands.
Seventy-one lives lost after the incident on Aug. 18, 1943, although the crew of the exploits held the Abner Read float. Sailors worked quickly to shore up the damage and remained the largest part of the Abner Read the waterproofing. Two nearby U.S. Navy ships towed the destroyer back to port.
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Also last year, a decades-long mystery about the fate of a ship that disappeared during the second world War, the rescue operation was finally solved.
International Harvester tractor photographed on the USS Hornet wreck. (Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel, Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Inc.)
The wreck of the Empire Wold, a Royal Navy tugboat, was discovered by the coastguards off the coast of Iceland. The ship sank on Nov. 10, 1944, with the loss of her 16 crew members.
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Damage to the USS Hornet ‘ s hull. (Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel, Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Inc.)
An extremely rare world War II Spitfire fighter plane flown by a pilot who later took part in the “Great Escape” is also retrieved from a remote Norwegian mountains last year.
Fox News’ Nicole Darrah contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers