WHO warns of untreatable ‘supergonorroe’
At least three people worldwide suffer from strains of gonorrhea that are so antibiotics-resistant that they cannot be treated. It is plausible that drug-resistant bacteria continue to spread, warns the world health organisation (WHO) Friday.
Experts of the WHO referred Friday to a number of studies on the sexually transmitted disease which suggests there is a “very serious situation”. According to them, is “a matter of time” to antibiotics that now serve as a last resort are no longer effective against the resistant strains.
“Gonorrhea is a very clever bacteria”, said Teodora Wi, voortplantingsspecialist in the health care organization. “Every time you have a new type of antibiotic introduces, develops these bacteria resistance against.”
The WHO estimates that each year 78 million people worldwide, the soa increase. Gonorrhoea can be transmitted through infection via the genitals, the anus and the throat.
Although gonorrhoea in many cases symptoomvrij, the bacterial infection lead to inflammation of the small pelvis, infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Gonorrhea patients also run a greater risk of hiv infection.
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Top of iceberg
Wi was referring to two studies published in the medical journal PLOS Medicine. In one of those studies, three specific cases of gonorroebesmetting mapped: one in Japan, in France and in Spain. The patients in question have a gonorroestam against the known antibiotics will not help.
“These are cases where the infection of others may arise. It can be passed,” said the WHO expert. “And these cases are probably but the tip of the iceberg. The systems that untreatable infections diagnose and report the absence in poorer countries, while gonorrhoea there more often.”
Research shows that between 2009 and 2014 there was widespread resistance to the most antibiotics used in gonorrhoea infections, ciprofloxcacin and azithromycine. Also the latest life saving equipment in the treatment of drug-resistant gonorrhea, cephalosporins, are becoming less effective. In fifty countries is already resistance to such antibiotics is determined.
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The director of the Global Antibiotic Research and Development nership (GARDP), Manica Balasegaram, calls the current situation “grim” and speaks of an “urgent need” for new antibiotics. Currently, however, there is but three potential medicines for gonorrhea developed, and there are no still no guarantees that that will work.
“We have to be very fast the possibilities that we have with existing drugs and drugs that are still in development take hold,” says Balasegaram. “Each new treatment should be accessible to everyone who needs it, but we must at the same time ensuring that those resources are properly used to the resistance against the medication as much as possible, to slow down.”