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Whatever you do, and especially, do not have to do it in one burn

Each week, reply to Sign up for the Vaal (47), a general practitioner in Nijmegen, the netherlands, a common, or outstanding question on a practice. This week is: What do you do in case of a burn, and which do not?

Of the Pale: “we Often see that people are at a barbeque or a campfire, take extra care. There is a bucket of water in the area, and the children will be kept at a distance. Most of the burns occur, however, when unexpected situations in the home, for example, by the use of a hot pan or tea pot.”

“Not even the sun can you get second degree burns up”
He’s Pale, gps

“A burn occurs when the heat (the energy) comes into contact with the skin or mucous membranes. If there is a lot of energy into your skin, the underlying tissue is damaged. A lot of people don’t know is that you can also be due to the sun, to have second degree burns on the edge.”

A first-degree burning, so it hurts

“The severity of a burn injury will be discussed to varying degrees. In a first-degree burning, the skin will be red and sore. Your blood vessels to dilate itself, there is the redness of the skin, and your body will have a alarmreactie af-ow!”

“Your skin is not a lot, but it can sometimes be swollen. In spite of the pain, to heal this type of combustion is often restloos, and don’t need you here, in addition to the cooling, and if required a pain killer – it is a lot of follow-up care is not necessary.”

Prevention is better to be safe than sorry

  • “The burns are usually the result of an accident. You can use them to prevent to be extra careful if you are using the hot stuff out, especially if there are children in the area. Think of the iron on the ironing board, or coffee on a tray. This is burnt by the sun, and then later on, you have a higher risk of developing skin cancer, more wrinkles, and age spots. Use sunscreen with a high sun protection (factor 30), especially in children (factor 50)!”

Leave the blisters in a second degree burn and sit down

“If there is a second degree burn is, the more energy the deeper that the skin went with it. The skin is not only red, but also in the deeper tissues such as your blood vessels are damaged. There are also bright spots.”

“It’s best to leave it to the risk of infection and to reduce the size. It can also cause the skin under the blister, so, quiet is set to rise. Is going to be a bright spot, and it be broken? Remove any loose sheets of paper, then carefully cut them if necessary on the way, and then cover the wound with a gauze pad.”

“Please note: due to the underlying blood vessels are damaged, there are still a lot of fluid out of the wound is here to stay. In such cases, a more absorbent dressing and working hygienically to prevent infection. Well here is to heal the wound, often without scarring.”

A third degree burn is by a doctor to be assessed

“In contrast to the above, the burn is a third degree burn is often painless, but is much more serious. There’s a lot more, and even deeper damage to the skin, so the nerves are burned, and there was no pain to be felt. The scars are often white / yellow to brown / black coloured.”

Common causes of burn injuries

  • Sunburn due to low or no sun protection factor
  • Burning with a hot liquid such as tea,
  • Contactverbranding, for example, by the touch of an iron
  • Fire and vlamverbranding, due to contact with a plug)the flame
  • Burns due to electricity, for example, by direct contact with the wire
  • Chemical burns due to the action of a chemical in a

In this case, you must be a doctor or a hospital to produce, because there might be some skin grafting required. People with very severe burns that cannot be treated at the local hospital to a burns unit is being transmitted. On the road to recovery from this wound, and the chances of scarring are very high.”

What you can and can’t do for burning:

  • Cool
    “Cool to the skin when burning, always ten-to-twenty minutes with tepid to warm running water. This is a great way to get the heat away from the skin, which are the cells and the tissue stukmaakt. Cooling with ice is not recommended; it will increase the risk of hypothermia, and it hurts.”
  • Remove all clothing and jewelry
    “Remove all clothing, unless it is stuck to the wound. In that case, be careful not to damage the skin more. You can also try to make jewelry, such as rings, to do so, in order to ensure that your fingers are pinching, if they are getting swollen.”
  • Assess the situation, and do not touch the wound, not on
    After cool down, the situation will be evaluated. How much skin is burnt, and what is the extent of the wound? If the skin is red and sensitive, without the leaves, you can make the combustion take care of themselves. Smear with cream: it adds a little to far. Better yet: do not touch the wound as little as possible.”
  • A consultation with the doctor
    “Do you trust it not to call the practice. Explain the situation and ask if it is necessary to come to the shop. Cover an open sore or blister to protect it with a gauze pad or a plastic-plastic wrap and keep refrigerated.”
  • In the large and third degree burns: call 112
    “A consultation with a general practitioner to a deeper burn, or if you have a wound that does not feel it any longer. He or she can ascertain whether, and if so, what type of treatment is necessary. If necessary, consultation with a specialist doctor. In an emergency, call directly to 112.”

    For more detail about First Aid in case of burns, at the site of the Brandwondenzorg in the Netherlands.

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