What Trump’s” zero-tolerance ” immigration policy means for children separated from families on the border

Massive public outcry that more children were separated from their parents while they try to cross into the USA illegally.

According to Attorney General Jeff Sessions has a “zero-tolerance” policy in dealing with migrants, announced that cross into the United States illegally, almost 2,000 children were separated from their families during a period of six weeks in April and may.

Continue to read on for a look at what is happening at the border – and what the law really means.

What the law says?

Immigrant children playing outside,, a former Job Corps site that is now home to you in Homestead, Florida. It is not known whether the children across the border, the year as an unaccompanied minor or separated from the family.

(AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee)

There is no law that requires the separation of children from their parents if they are caught crossing into the country illegally, and there was a time, when the ICE policy call for the detention of all families.

However, there are laws against the entry of the United States illegally, and in a decree about how long children can be made in immigration detention. The 2008 anti-trafficking Statute, requires that certain minors to be taken from the immigration detention within 72 hours.

ICE is according to the law the detention of unaccompanied children says, DHS.

As soon as a parent or guardian, was arrested and charged for illegally entering the United States, the children are then transported to the Department of Health and Human Services ” (HHS) Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), the “responsible for their care and is legally obliged to place unaccompanied minors in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child.” This usually means the child is in the care of relatives already in the United States, but a minor can family in a care or a temporary detention facilities.

According to DHS, children in HHS ORR supervision of medical and psychological care, if necessary, as well as educational programs. You are “in the rule, instead of in a shelter or hosted by a suitable family,” said DHS.

While in custody, according to DHS officials for a “sponsor” for the minors are looking for. Sponsors can be a relative, “meets the criteria for the safety of the child and the continuation of immigration proceedings.” Parents also can ask the sponsor or your child after dismissal.

Minors may only be detained for 20 days, thanks to the 1997 Flores settlement agreement. The White house said this agreement “, hinders the ability of the government to arrest and immediately removing all Unaccompanied Alien children and family.”

There is a difference between what is the trump card in comparison to previous presidents?

Of trump-management is not the first, separate the adults and children at the border – but it has to up the ante with the “zero tolerance policy”, which called on the Ministry of justice, a “new” plan to curb illegal immigration in April.

“If you are smuggling a child, then we will say criminal you are pursuing and the child will be separated from them, as required by law,” sessions in may.

According to the Bipartisan Policy Center, families rarely have been imprisoned before the beginning of the 2000s. Instead, they were to be released, and an immigration court hearing they were required to attend.

Ex-President George W. Bush also had a “zero tolerance policy” for illegal immigration, but under his administration, the officials in the rule, except for family and minors of the “Operation Streamline” process in which migrants were quickly prosecuted and deported, according to The New York Times. In 2008, Bush signed a law unanimously passed by Congress, the so-called unaccompanied minors are published year in the “least restrictive setting.”

Under the Obama administration, families were often arrested, the concern along in a administrative ICE of law, The Times reported.

However, in 2013, the Obama administration has been criticized, as the ICE deported more than 72,000 parents had at least a child, according to HuffPost. Some of these children were able to stay in the United States to live with relatives, while others were in foster care, HuffPost reported.

What is the difference between unaccompanied minors and family?

Nicole Hernandez, of the Mexican state of Guerrero, to her mother to wait because you to apply with other families for political asylum in the United States, across the border in Tijuana, Mexico. The family has been waiting for, for about a week in this border city in hope for a chance to escape the ever-present violence in their home country.

(AP Photo/Gregory Bull)

Children under the age of 18 years who are on the border arriving alone as an “unaccompanied alien child” or unaccompanied minors. However, children with a parent or guardian, shall be considered as part of the “family unit.”

According to Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen, the number of people trying to cross the southern border illegally increased to more than 50,000 people per month. She said in June, it was a 325 percent increase in the children who come unaccompanied to the border since the previous year, and a 435-percent increase in families entering the United States illegally.

The White house has proposed that the influx of unaccompanied minors coming over the U.S. border to recruit from the gangs such as MS-13, new members. According to the White house, more than a third of the already arrested MS-13 members and partners arrived in the United States as unaccompanied minors.

What has been the response that the separation of children and parents?

The separation of children from their parents at the border has brought, is widespread and cross-party condemnation of the law, of politicians, activists and celebrities to the parents.

All living first ladies, including Melania Trump, opposition to the policy. In a rare public statement, Ms. Trump said she “hates” to see families separated at the border. Your spokeswoman for the “the first lady said,” believes we must be a country, it follows that all the laws, but also a country ruled with a heart.”

Hillary Clinton, also a former foreign Minister and presidential candidate, said that the policy is a “moral and humanitarian crisis.” In a tweet she said, “Every parent who ever had a child held in her arms, will be appalled should any man with a sense of compassion and decency.”

What is happening with the family on the border right now is a humanitarian crisis. Every parent, of a child held in her arms, will be appalled should any man with a sense of compassion and decency.

— Hillary Clinton (@Hillary Clinton) June 18, 2018

“I live in a border. I guess the need for the enforcement and protection of our international borders, but these zero-tolerance policy ” is cruel,” Laura Bush said. “It is immoral. And it breaks my heart.”

I live in a border. I guess the need for the enforcement and protection of our international borders, but these zero-tolerance-policy-is cruel. It is immoral. And it breaks my heart.https://t. co/he1uw1E96A

— Laura Bush (@laurawbush) June 18, 2018

Several governors, including Republicans, have announced they will not send National Guard troops to the border, to the separation of the policy is stopped Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan said he will return to ordered the four troops already in use, home, and Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker cancelled, allegedly, troops, the deployment of his state’s National Guard.

The Trump administration has to distance tries of the policy, with the President falsely always the fault of Democrats, calling it “the problem” and “don’ T care about crime.”

“#CHANGETHELAWS Now is the best opportunity to change the ever for the Congress, the ridiculous and outdated laws on immigration. Get it done, you will have to always keep in mind that we said strong border security” Trump in a June 19 tweet.

#CHANGETHELAWS Now is the best opportunity to change the ever for the Congress, the ridiculous and outdated laws on immigration. Get it done, you will have to always keep in mind that we have strong border security.

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 19, 2018

But Democrats have indicated in a similar way with the Finger on Trump, who says he has the power to change things.

“Stop the suffering of small children, as some barbaric a means of pressure. You started this and in the end you can do it now. #Family Belong Together,” House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., responded to Trump’s tweet.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Kaitlyn Schallhorn is a Reporter for Fox News. You can follow her on Twitter @K_Schallhorn.

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