US: Myanmar military led ‘extreme’ violence against Rohingya

FILE – In this Nov. 20, 2017, photo, S, 25, mother of two, who says she was raped by the members of the Myanmar armed forces in late August, is photographed in her friend’s tent in Kutupalong refugee camp in Bangladesh. Myanmar’s military targeted Rohingya-citizens without distinction, and often with “extreme brutality” in a coordinated campaign for the minority Muslims of the country, according to a State Department report released Monday, Sept. 24, 2018. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

UNITED NATIONS – the U.S. government research has shown that Myanmar’s military targeted Rohingya-citizens without distinction, and often with “extreme brutality” in a coordinated campaign for the minority Muslims of the country.

The hard-hitting State Department report released Monday is based on a survey this spring of more than 1000 refugees among the hundreds of thousands who have fled the occur to neighbouring Bangladesh in the last two years.

The 20-page report does not say whether it was abuse, forms of genocide and crimes against humanity, such as U. N. researchers have suspected.

But the AMERICAN findings make grim reading and is likely to strengthen calls for the Trump of directors to determine and enforce the sanctions against the Southeast Asian country.

Most of the interviewees had witnessed a murder, and the other half had witnessed sexual violence. Rohingya identified the military as the perpetrator in 84 percent of the homicides or injuries they have experienced.

“The research shows that the recent violence in northern Rakhine State was extremely, large, widespread, and seemingly aiming at terrorizing the population and driving out the Rohingya residents,” the report says.

“The size and scale of the military operations indicate that they were well planned and coordinated. In some areas, perpetrators used tactics that resulted in mass casualties, for example, locking people in houses to burn, fencing off whole villages for the shoot on the crowd, or sink boats filled with hundreds of fleeing Rohingya.”

The bloodshed has catapulted Myanmar, also called Burma, back in the ranks of the apostate countries, where it languished for years when it was ruled by a military junta. The International Criminal Court, the prosecutor-general also announced last week the launch of a preliminary investigation into the deportation of the Rohingya from Myanmar in Bangladesh.

Amnesty International USA said the State Department had missed an opportunity for a judicial determination of crimes against humanity, sending a worrying message about Washington’s willingness to seek justice for the atrocities just under international law.

“The United States’ words mean nothing if you are unable to seek real accountability for the victims and their families, advocacy manager, Francisco Bencosme said.

The british Foreign Minister, Jeremy Hunt hosted a meeting Monday of more than a dozen ministers of foreign affairs on the sidelines of the U. N. General Assembly to discuss the Rohingya crisis.

He said in a statement that Myanmar’s military leaders “should face full responsibility for all atrocities committed” and that if conditions are not improved for the 1 million people affected by the violence in Rakhine State in a year’s time”, then we have failed as an international community.”

The AMERICAN Ambassador Nikki Haley announced $185 million in new humanitarian aid, especially for the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. They urged the government of Myanmar “to do more to hold those who are guilty of ethnic cleansing are responsible for their atrocities?.”

Myanmar, a majority Buddhist nation that is now formally under a civil government, has denied human rights violations by the army.

But the US report comes on the heels of a comprehensive U. N. fact-finding mission, which recommended that military leaders be prosecuted for genocide, it will become increasingly difficult for the government to rebut international criticism.

The report found that in the two months after August, 2017 — attacks the Rohingya militants on security forces triggered massive retaliation — satellite images show that more than 38,000 buildings were destroyed by fire in Rakhine state. In many areas, refugees said security forces used flame throwers or incendiary devices to burn down houses and to kill and injure Rohingya. Sexual violence is also reported that it is widespread.

“Two police in my village raped me,” the report quotes an unnamed 23-year-old woman so to speak. “I know these people by face, but not their names. After they were done, they told me to leave the country, this is not your country.”

Among the litany of abuse that the refugees said they witnessed:

Soldiers burn or urinate on Qurans.

—Victims of violence is decapitated or dismembered.

—Babies and children beaten or killed

Soldiers attacking women and their babies during or shortly after childbirth.

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