UN chief warns of possible genocide in Central African Republic
In the Central African Republic (CAR), signs himself “the first waarschuwingstekenen for genocide”. That has UN-noodhulpcoördinator Stephen O’brien said Wednesday after a visit to the country. In the CAR since 2013, there is widespread sectarian violence.
O’brien said in an interview with AP that “there is the awful development going on is that militias are now ethnic or religious reasons” to attack, to commit, reports Voice of America.
During a visit to the southeastern city of Bangassou last month saw O’brien how two thousand muslims imprisoned in a catholic church. They were there fled after their houses were burnt down by members of a christian militia.
That militia “was simply to wait, so they could kill if they tried somewhere else to go,” said O’brien. “In contrast: the homes of every christian family, remained untouched.”
Despite peaceful elections in 2016 is still being fought a lot in the southeast and the middle of the Central African Republic. Since may came to have more than three hundred people to life and slew more than a hundred thousand others on the flight.
“The situation is escalating significantly,” said the UN chief. “Now We look to things where we have a long, long time nothing heard. There is a very deep movement in the direction of ethnic cleansing going on.”
The CAR is two times as large as France, but has only 1,300 kilometers of paved roads. There are slightly more than twelve thousand UN peacekeepers are present, that the citizens in the country need to protect it, said O’brien. In several areas in the southeast of the CAR is again fierce fighting.
The country, one of the poorest in the world, is struggling with geweldsuitbarstingen since the predominantly muslim Seleka rebels in 2013, the christian president off, and the power handles. Christian militias, the Anti-Balaka, fought back, which led to thousands of deaths and hundreds of thousands of refugees. Many muslims fled to Chad or Cameroon.
According to O’brien, the government of the CAR only influence in the capital, Bangui, and the surrounding region. That means that there is an urgent need for “a way to a kind of governmental authority to enforce,” said the noodhulpcoördinator. Also, the international community has “a clear, practical method to find these persons to persuade to lay down their arms.”
The warning of O’brien, who report to the UN Security council, following statements of UN secretary-general, Antonio Guterres at the end of July did. Guterres said that the long-term peace process in the CAR is threatened by fighting in the southeast and increased tensions between groups.