KAMPALA (Reuters) – A forest of slender white poles, covered with dark, unblinking eyes, is quietly sprouting in the garbage-strewn, rutted street to the corner of Uganda’s capital city.
The traffic flows in the context of the surveillance of closed-circuit television camera (CCTV) system Bakuli in a street in Kampala, Uganda on the 14th of August 2019 at the latest. REUTERS/James Akrena
The police department said the new $126-million closed-circuit television camera (CCTV) system, provided by the Chinese telecommunications giant, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd, that will slash the spiral of violent crime.
Opposition leaders say the law enforcement agencies to be corrupted, and strained to use the footage to identify the criminals. The police are allowed to use the cameras, with face recognition technology to focus on the demonstrators in a violent clampdowns, as an election approaches in 2021.
“The VIDEO project is just a tool to help you keep track of us, to hunt us and persecute us,” said Ingrid Turinawe, a leader of the Forum for Democratic Change, Uganda’s largest opposition party.
Facial recognition technology is becoming more and more common all over the world, that is, the concern is about possible abuse. However, officials in San Francisco voted in May to ban the use of the city’s workforce.
Huawei engineers have helped intelligence officials in Uganda, and at least one other African country to spy on their political opponents, according to a new study published by the Wall Street Journal on Wednesday.
In Uganda, they have helped to crack the encrypted communication between the popular musician, turned politician, Bobi Wine, and the police are overwhelmed in a concert that would have featured the surprise opposition to the speakers, and arrested him, while dozens of supporters, the paper said.
In Zambia, Chinese employees have helped the government to gain access of the phone and the Facebook pages of the bloggers who are critical of the president, so that they can be tracked down and arrested, the paper reported.
Huawei rejected the Magazine’s “unfounded and inaccurate allegations”, he told Reuters in an email: “Huawei’ s code of business conduct prohibits any employee from conducting any activities that would compromise the data or the privacy of our customers and end-users, or that would constitute a breach of the law.”
Uganda’s cameras are a part of Huawei’s Safe City initiative, which is being rolled out in more than 200 towns and cities all over the world, such as China, Pakistan and Russia.
In Africa, Huawei has been selling CCTV systems to countries such as Kenya, Egypt, Zambia and zimbabwe, where activists have similar concerns about privacy and effectiveness. In Europe, France, Germany, australia and Serbia will have a small project with Huawei’s initiative.
The U.S. government has a limited market, with Huawei and four other Chinese companies, accusing them of espionage and theft of intellectual property. It is also lobbying in order to convince the allies and to keep Huawei out of the next generation, 5G communications infrastructure, with an indication of the concern of the company would be able to spy on the customers.
Huawei has repeatedly denied it is controlled by the Chinese government, the military or the intelligence community.
THE RISING CRIME RATE
The rising crime rate in Uganda has been fuelling the public’s anger towards President Yoweri Museveni, 74, who has been in power since 1986, and will probably be searching for another period of five years.
The police in the oil-rich East African country is included 4,497 murders last year, almost double the number from five years ago. Kidnappings for ransom, once rare, rose to 202 cases in 2018, an eightfold jump in 2017.
In one notorious case, a 28-year-old daughter of a wealthy businessman, was kidnapped and killed in spite of her family to pay the kidnappers $200,000.
The police are currently investigating closely related to those of the witness interview, to Charles, a Rope, a spokesman for the police Criminal intelligence and Investigations Department, told Reuters.
It is a very slow and unreliable to build a business.
If there are not enough investigators and not forensic experts.
The rope refused to give statistics, but said that the police manpower had been “a critical leader.
The website of the police department, said that in 2015, the strength of the 45,000-strong. That’s about half of the United Nations-recommended ratio of one policeman for every 500 citizens.
Have a budget in 2015, in a paper for the ministry of the interior said that there were about 5,500 detectives. Spinning, said the police must apply to the civil engineering experts, they need to have the DNA analysts, toxicologists, or a fiber expert.
Here’s hoping he NEVER will be, the answer is, it will let the researchers know who has committed the crime, how it is committed, and the trail he has, and that’s when he found out.”
About 2,500 of a planned 3,200 have the camera that is the new york metropolitan Kampala and are to be installed. For Huawei, it will eventually extend the system to all the major towns and cities in the country.
CRUMBLING OF JUSTICE
However, some of its current and former law enforcement officials are skeptical that the high-tech tools such as CCTV, or new forensic tools, such as the planned DNA and fingerprint databases, that will have a positive impact on the crime rate.
The uganda police force are poorly paid and have very little research and training, said mr. Herbert Karugaba, a Ugandan police detective of 17 years, before he was a member of the U. N. probe, genocide, and war crimes in Rwanda and Cambodia.
“It’s money down the drain,” he said Karugaba. “It’s the quality of the men and women in uniform… that’s the one that counts.”
Uganda’s human Rights Awareness and Promotion Forum, an advocacy group, had its own PLACES to run in May 2016, when the robbers killed a guard and stolen personal computers. The group also gave the video to the police. Nothing happened for years.
“After months and months of research, they finally told us that the case file has been lost. There is no record anywhere of our business,” said Adrian Jjuuko, the head. “If there is no political will to investigate or prosecute the crimes, nothing will change. It’s all a load of nonsense, CCTV or not to CCTV.
The police department will start on a salary of about $150. The majority of the officers of justice, will earn about $270. Lawmakers will take about $6,500.
Most of the police barracks, which had not yet been renovated or expanded since the colonial era. Families living in small, circular iron huts, often have leaks, over-crowded and filthy, with an internal police report said.
The poor pay and working conditions, promotion of corruption in the country.
Ugandans will often share the stories of the police who demand bribes, which means that some of the crimes are not being reported.
At the police, and the evidence of patterns, as in the cases waiting for trial, he said, Mike Chibita, a former judge, was appointed in 2013 as the director of public prosecutions.
There are only about 400 of the officers of justice in Uganda, a country of 42 million, respectively. It will take about four years to get a hearing, Chibita said. More than half of the country’s 59,000 prisoners in pre-trial detention, in accordance with the prison service.
Try out old instances is a “major nightmare,” Chibita said. The exhibitions will disappear, or decay. Witnesses may disappear or forget it. In one case, a blood-stained shirt, and disappeared in a puff of dust and mold, when it has been produced in 2012 in a murder trial.
“Everyone in the court began to cough,” Chibita said.
IS RAMPANT UNEMPLOYMENT,
The expensive programs are too little to address the underlying causes of crime, such as the high unemployment rates and disputes over land, said the court of appeal judge, Geoffrey Kiryabwire.
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Four out of 10 young Ugandans are working. People who have a job, about 80% are working in low-paid, casual employment, of the ministry of finance said.
They are people like Aggrey Tugume, a 27-year-old motorcycle taxi driver. He believes that the cameras will be an expensive election ploy.
“If someone is determined to kill, or to steal a camera, it would be a small obstacle,” he said. “This is a waste of money by politicians … to make a false perception that the government is acting on crime.”
– Additional reporting by Georgina Prodhan in London; Editing by Katharine Houreld, by Alexandra Zavis and Kirsten Donovan