An image of the spacecraft’s course to intercept the comet in the inner solar system.
A new mission will be intercepted by an as-yet-undiscovered comet is on its way out to the orbit of the Earth, is the first of its kind to be located on a pristine inter-stellar object in the centre of the solar system.
The three spacecraft will be taking pictures of the night sky, from several points of view, to create a 3-d shape of the object, and the characterization of the surface composition, morphology and structure.
The “Comet Interceptor has been selected by the European Space Agency (ESA) on the 19th of June, when the last “fast”, or F-class, and for the mission in terms of the speed of implementation. The mission’s proposal, submitted to ESA in March, and is scheduled to launch in 2028.
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“Untouched, or dynamically new comets are completely unknown,” Günther Hasinger, ESA’s director of science, said in a statement. “[They] have the advantage of engaging targets in close-range space exploration is to gain a better understanding of the diversity and evolution of comets.”
Previous ESA missions to study comets, such as Giotto and Rosetta, have, in view of the short period comets which have approached the sun more than once in recent history, and, therefore, have not undergone any significant visible changes, according to the statement. Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, which the spacecraft it is Possible to have it rotated between 2014 and 2016, swings by the sun every 6.5 years. In 1986, the Giotto spacecraft flew by the Comet Halley, which has an orbital period of 76 years.
This mission is unique in that it is observing a comet which is not the interaction with the solar wind, the environment, and it will launch it for the audience to discover. The observation of a pristine comet as it enters the solar system, it is able to provide information on the evolution of comets are considered to be the not-yet-discovered comet lovejoy will be most likely to contain material that has not been modified since, the date of birth of the solar system, the statement added.
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In the past, it has been difficult to implement this type of mission. The period of time between the discovery of an intact comet, and the launch of a spacecraft to intercept a journey, usually in less than a year is too short in order to prepare for the start of the mission. However, recent advances in the observational studies allowed the discovery of comets, as they are further away, according to the mission statement on the web site.
Comet Interceptor that will hitch a ride into space on ESA’s Life exoplanet-hunting mission, which is expected to launch in 2028. The two missions will go to the sun-Earth L2 Lagrange point, located approximately 1 million miles (1.5 million kilometers away from Earth, and on the other side of the sun. From there, the park’s Comet Interceptor, it will use its own propulsion, in pursuit of its objective, the comet has been selected.
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The original article Space.com.