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To commemorate on Sunday, the world celebrated International women’s day, the social, economic and political achievements of women. In the United States, such celebrations, attention turned to the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), a proposed amendment to the Constitution to guarantee equal rights under the law to all Americans, regardless of gender.
The change was first proposed almost 100 years ago, not long after the passage of the 19 Amendment gave women the right to vote.
The ERA, written by Alice Paul and Crystal Eastman, came in response to what many feminists remained inside at the time, as restrictions, in spite of the 19th Amendment. Feminist groups, including the National Woman’s y, was valid for specific problems, but the ERA was, as a comprehensive amendment to the Constitution.
Supporters of the Equal Rights Amendment filling the Capitol steps, during a large rally outside the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond.
(Richmond Times-Dispatch via AP)
The opponents of the ERA – including some women from the reform groups argued that the change would harm the existing laws, the protection of women against exploitation.
Congress did not change until 1972 to pass. States for a period of seven years for ratification of the amendment. But, by the time only 30 of the necessary 38 States, the ERA had been ratified. The deadline was extended until 1982, but then through several States of their previous support had lifted.
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The case was largely inactive in Congress for years, with some activists, the defeat to accept, and the other, the recognition that women had won many of the rights that the ERA was designed to offer.
In 1997, Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg said there was “no practical difference between what has evolved and the ERA,” but qualified, you would still like to see the ERA in the Constitution as a “symbol” for her granddaughter.
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But in the last few years, the ERA of enthusiasm has seen again. This past January, Virginia became the 38th state to ratify the amendment. And, in the last month, the house a bill that would remove the pass, the deadline for ratification of the ERA. Since then, it controlled the Senate prior to remained in the Republic for approval.
Still, Ginsburg said last month that they would prefer that the process of “start-over” from the beginning.