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Real life sure is stranger than fiction.
A microscopic worm, which has three different generations, will survive a dose of arsenic that would kill a person 500 times in its young inside its body, similar to a kangaroo was discovered in one of the most uninhabitable places on the planet.
The study points out that the worm, which is also known as the Auanema, sp., both the male and the female members of the species as well as hermaphrodites. The majority of the worms, known as nematodes, in general, are divided into males and hermaphrodites. It is also in a position to be able to survive in the harsh environment of Mono Lake in California, which is laced with arsenic, it is three times as salty as the ocean, and has an alkaline pH-value of 10,” according to a statement on the announcement of the results.
This newly discovered species of nematode that is considered to be an extremophile – he lives in a high-salt, high-pH, arsenic-rich conditions, which is in the living. But it’s surprisingly versatile, as it can live in “normal” conditions in the laboratory. (Japan)
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“Extremophiles that can teach us so much about innovative ways of dealing with stress,” the study’s lead author, Pei-Shih Yin, said in a statement. “Our study shows that we still have a lot to learn about how these 1000’s of single-celled animals know how to survive in the most extreme circumstances.”
Shih, and the rest of the team, also discovered seven different species of microscopic worms and worm in the lake, where, in the past, it was thought that only bacteria, algae, and brine shrimp are able to survive.
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The researchers also noted that, with the giving of live birth (in the form of nematodes, usually in the laying of eggs, its offspring, may be useful for adapting to extreme environments.
“Auanema sp. a unique feature of a live birth for their larvae after hatching of the embryos in utero (viviparity),” the researchers wrote in the study. The Live nativity has been a common feature of the extremophile nematodes are suggested to have an adaptive role, in the most extreme circumstances, and can, therefore, be a strategy to Auanema sp. used for the protection of their offspring from the harsh conditions of Mono Lake.”
Perhaps even more remarkable is the fact that the researchers were able to study the Auanema sp. in a lab environment, and it’s got a skill that very, very few extremophiles have. “All of this suggests that nematodes may have a genetic predisposition to resilience and flexibility in adapting to the harsh and benign environments are the same,” the statement added.
The researchers noted that they will continue to search for biochemical and genetic factors that are specific to this type of worm is that they can be resistant to arsenic, and whether or not these factors can be applied to the person, in view of the fact that arsenic-contaminated drinking water is a major public health problem all over the world.
Aside from that, they also want to understand the planet’s diversity, one of the study’s co-authors, James, Siho Lee said.
“It’s very important that we appreciate it and develop a curiosity for the biodiversity”, he said in a statement. “The next innovation in the fields of biotechnology, there may be found in the wild. A new, biodegradable sun block, for example, it was found from the extremophilic bacteria and algae. We have to protect it, and a good way to make use of the hot tub.”
The study, which was published in the scientific journal Current Biology.
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