The L’anse aux Meadows, the archaeological site of the only confirmed Viking settlement in Newfoundland and labrador. Credit: Yves Marcoux/First Light/Getty Images Plus
With the discovery of cannabis pollen in the vicinity of a Viking settlement in Newfoundland raises the question of whether the Vikings, who smoke or eat pot, when the exploration of North America.
The researchers also found evidence that the Vikings occupied this outpost for more than a century, far more than previously thought.
Located in the northern part of the Island, the archaeological site of L’anse aux Meadows was founded by the Vikings around A. D. 1000. Until now, archaeologists believed that the site was occupied for only a short period of time. In the new study, published today (15 July) in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, shows that the Vikings lived in the 12th or even the 13th century. [Images: Viking Outposts May be Found in, Canada]
Peat you will find
In August, 2018, an archaeological team unearthed in a peat bog, situated nearly 100 feet (30 meters) to the east of the Viking settlement at L’anse-aux-Meadows. They have found that there is a layer of “ecofacts” — environment, which may be brought to the site by the people — that were radiocarbon dated to the 12th or 13th century.
These ecofacts physical remains of two of the beetles are not originally from the island of Newfoundland — Simplocaria metallica and, of course, and Acidota quadrata, from the north Pole. The layer contained also pollen of Juglans (walnuts), and Humulus-cannabis), two species that do not naturally grow is in L’anse aux Meadows, on the contrary, the Vikings could have picked up all of them with plants and animals, where they embarked for the south. [Photos: the 10th-Century Viking Grave was Unearthed in Denmark]
They also found the remains of the dung of grazing by caribou, as well as the remains of wood and charcoal. The layer of peat is similar to that in other european strata of the Norwegian sea, the Atlantic ocean,” the archaeological team wrote in the journal article.
In addition, the archaeologists have carried out Bayesian analysis, which is a type of statistical analysis in radiocarbon dating of artifacts was previously excavated at L’anse-aux-Meadows. On this analysis, it is suggested that Viking is a profession, for up to 200 years old.
“This does not mean that there will be a continuous line-up,” the researchers wrote, noting that the Vikings might have to leave and re-inhabited L’anse aux Meadows, where they are appropriate.
Did the Vikings use the pots in Newfoundland and labrador?
The finding of the cannabis pollen raises the question of whether the Vikings are likely to make the clothing and for medicinal and recreational purposes, while they are being investigated in North and Latin America. Paul Ledger, the lead author of the paper and a postdoctoral fellow at the Memorial University of Newfoundland, urged caution in interpreting the findings, noting that the pollen can be easily carried by the wind.
The ledger urged caution in interpreting the findings, noting that the pollen can be easily carried by the wind. It is also possible that some of the “ecofacts” were brought to the peat by the indigenous peoples who lived in Newfoundland and labrador, and not from the water. [Fierce Fighters: 7 Secrets of Viking Seamen]
In the end, “the results presented here [in the journal] to pose more questions than it answers,” the archaeological team of writers.
The reaction of the other researchers of the Viking
Viking researchers who are not affiliated with the research team urged caution over the results.
“I think that it is too early to draw any conclusions,” said Birgitta Wallace, a senior game for it, with Parks Canada, who has done extensive research on the Vikings in North America. Mccoy said, Knowing that she does not believe that the Vikings left behind them ecofacts.
“I think that it is very unlikely that the Norwegian [another name for the Vikings could be back in the 12th and 13th centuries, when there were no structures on the site, that is, the time period can be, in Norwegian,” Wallace said. “We know that there are indigenous people, the ancestors of the Beothuk, at the site at the moment.”
Patricia Sutherland, a visiting scientist at the Canadian Museum of Nature, who has also done extensive research on the Vikings in North America, it has been said that the Vikings had been in Newfoundland in the 12th or 13th century, it is still too early to say for sure. “It’s too early to say that such a scenario is on the basis of the “ecofacts” will appear in the paper,” Anderson said. It is possible that some of the beetles, and plant pollen is to be found in the layer were made to the L’anse aux Meadows by the Vikings around A. D. 1000, and it continued to flourish after the Vikings left, Anderson said.
The research team plans to continue their work at L’anse-aux-Meadows, in August, the Ledger said.
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Editor’s note: This article was updated to correct a statement regarding the interpretation of the federal poll.
Originally published on Live Science.