FILE – In this Tuesday, Sept. 11, 2001 file photo, chief of staff Andy Card whispers into the ear of President George W. Bush to give him word of the plane crashes into the World Trade Center, during a visit to the Emma E. Booker Elementary School in Sarasota, Florida. (AP Photo/Doug Mills, File)
WASHINGTON – Four presidential campaigns. Eight congress elections. The longest war in AMERICAN history.
The Sept. 11 attacks have the form of U. S. politics, sometimes over the objections of the next of kin. The attacks that crashed four planes and killed nearly 3,000 also tested AMERICAN presidents, starting with that indelible image of new President George W. Bush, and hear his chief of staff to whisper news of the attacks, that would define his presidency.
A look at how the tragedy affected American politics and leaders:
Trump marked the 17th anniversary with a visit to the Shanksville, Pennsylvania field, and the brand-new memorial for the 40 people who died when they tried to take control of their hijacked plane and crashed.
“This area is now a memorial for the American resistance,” Trump said Tuesday. “A piece of America’s heart is buried on the grounds.”
But Trump, who was in his Trump Tower penthouse four miles from the World Trade Center on the date in 2001, has a mixed history with its response to the attacks. He praised the New Yorkers, but also unsubstantiated claims about what he did and saw that day.
Trump, talking about Muslims, said that “thousands of people were cheering” in Jersey City, New Jersey, as the towers collapsed. There is no evidence of mass celebrations by the Muslims.
Trump has also said that he lost “hundreds of friends” in the attack on New York City. He has no names, but has mentioned, namely, a Roman Catholic priest, who died.
As president, Trump has proposed mass deportations and a ban on some Muslims travel to the USA. as part of its anti-terrorism policy.
During a 2016 presidential debate, Trump said Jeb Bush, the brother of former President George W. Bush: “The World Trade Center came down during your brother’s reign.”
Replied the former Florida governor: “During incredibly challenging times, he kept us safe.”
On 1 May 2011, Obama ordered the strike that killed the attack’s architect, Osama bin laden in Pakistan, and a wealth of terrorist intelligence in AMERICAN hands.
Obama was not shy about that performance. During his Jan. 10, 2017 farewell address in Chicago, he said that he could not have dreamed the U.S. would “from the mastermind of 9/11” on his watch. And he noted the nation had under no similar attack.
“Because of the extraordinary courage of our men and women in uniform, and the intelligence officers, law enforcement, and diplomats who support them, no foreign terrorist organization has successfully planned and executed an attack on our country the last eight years,” he said.
Obama became president, partially as a result of an anti-war opposition in the Democratic party in 2008. But also, he ordered a troop surge in Afghanistan in December 2009. Under his presidency, the united states withdrew most troops from Iraq in December 2011.
GEORGE W. BUSH
The former Texas governor who won the presidency after a Supreme court battle had been in office only about seven months on the day of the attacks. At 9:05 a.m. he was sitting in front of the camera, before a second-grade class at the Emma E. Booker Elementary School in Sarasota, Florida, when his chief of staff Andrew Card, whispered: “A second plane has hit the second tower. America is under attack.”
A stream of words and images followed: Bush standing atop the pile of rubble in New York with a megaphone. “I can hear you!”, he said. “The rest of the world hears you!”
Bush, standing before Congress, issuing a challenge to the rest of the world: “you’re either with us or you’re with the terrorists.” Bush, presiding over the period of national unity to fight against what he called the “axis of evil” and legislation to root out terror plots.
Bush invaded Afghanistan and with bipartisan consent of Congress, Iraq, the last to the proposition — later refuted — that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction. Bush won re-election in 2004.
The images of New York’s 107th mayor to wade through the World Trade Center rubble with a bullhorn and a face mask gave Giuliani a national profile as a key figure in the aftermath. However, he was later criticized for declaring the ground zero of the air quality safe. The U. S. Geological Survey determined it was toxic.
Time magazine named Giuliani Person of the Year for his leadership. Queen Elizabeth made him a knight. Giuliani ran for president in 2007, but was forced to abandon the effort during the GOP presidential primaries.
He supported Trump in 2016 and is now the chairman of the attorney as special counsel Robert Mueller is investigating the Russian interference in the presidential elections.
Her 2002 vote in favor of the Iraq war haunted Clinton as she pursued the presidency. They eventually said the voice on the permission for war had been a mistake.
But she is an indelible part of the response to the terrorist attacks of 9/11. Clinton, a freshman senator from New York, stood on the steps of the Capitol with other lawmakers that day sang: “God Bless America.” She was with Giuliani on the walk by the rubble of the World Trade Center.
And as Obama’s secretary of state, she was there, with the hand over the mouth, in the iconic Situation Room photo in which the president and his adviser to look at the operation to bin laden to assess. She said during a 2016 presidential debate that she had advised Obama to continue the raid and she was “proud” to have done.
On Sept. 11, 2016, Clinton almost fainted at the ground zero ceremony, and was recorded to be pushed into an SUV. You will be asked questions about her health. Clinton said that she suffered from a pneumonia.
THE COST OF THE WAR
A Pentagon report in July 2017, says the post-9/11 war against terrorism in Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria will cost the taxpayers $1.5 trillion.
The House and the Senate may get from a mix of post-9/11 national security, the knowledge after the mid-term elections.
A generation of military personnel forged on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan has been retired, and many veterans are running for the seats in Congress on platforms of a can-do ethic that is less partial than it is pragmatic.
The ones that survive of the Nov. 6 elections are almost certain to change the face of the institution. Now, only 19 percent of the lawmakers are military veterans, down from 70 percent in the ten years after the War in Vietnam.
Nicholas Haros Jr., who lost his mother on Sept. 11, spoke at the 9/11 service in Manhattan on Tuesday and called on politicians to stop calling the date for political purposes.
“Stop. Stop, ” pleaded Haros, who lost his 76-year-old mother, Frances. “Stop the use of the bones and the ashes of our loved ones as props in your political theater. Their lives, their sacrifices, and victims are worth so much more. Let’s not trivialize.”
Associated Press Writer Lolita Baldor and Associated Press News Researcher Jennifer Farrar contributed to this report.
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