A file photo of The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) and U.S. Navy sailors manning the Aegis Ashore Missile Defense Test Complex (AAMDTC) at the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) on Kauai, Hawaii, successfully conducted the Flight Test Integrated-03 (WE-03) in December of 2018.
(U. s. Department of Defense, Missile Defense Agency
If a nuclear-armed enemy inter-continental Ballistic Missile, its speed, its path through space at a densely-populated AMERICAN system, commanders are responsible for the defense of the homeland would be at the most a distance of only about 20 to 30 minutes in order to destroy the incoming weapon.
With his life dangling on a precipice of complete destruction, and the future of our planet’s potential is in danger, that the AMERICAN defenders would have to be in charge of finding, keeping, and destruction of the attack on the nuclear missile.
As a Space-Based Infra-red satellite detects a launch, it would be the fast transmission of sensitive information signals, to the Air Force’s command center, where the information is evaluated by computers. It is the command center of a wide-sweeping “, to warn, by means of the ballistic missile defense system, a senior Pentagon official said the Warrior.
When a satellite detects what appears to be an introduction, it is a mathematical formula in a computer that holds the heat source,” the official said.
“Then we’re going to start running in the right”… he added.
In response to decisions, which may go as far as to the immediate deployment of well-armed and ready U.S. nuclear triad…. the hinge almost entirely on the island. period of time. In fact, the faster the tracking, the focusing, and the countermeasure analysis, it can be, the greater is the chance of life, or even the all over the country, it would be able to be saved. The speed and accuracy with which vital intelligence information can be collected, organized and fused for decision-makers, will determine the outcome.
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“As soon as you get the missile, it is a simple mathematical formula that can calculate the speed and trajectory. You can usually tell where it’s going to be in the country. If you have one you’ll know exactly how fast it’s going and where it’s going to be so that you will know what to send to the GBI(Ground Need,” the Pentagon official said.
In this scenario, it is, in fact, it’s so dramatic and serious as it sounds; it’s kind of hard to set up a more severe warfare with the situation. These conditions constitute the conceptual inspiration for the why and the Pentagon, and the industry is strong, and the exploration of ways to better “fuse,” and pass it on to the area on the basis of the information. Booz, Allen and Hamilton, along with other major players in the industry, such as Northrop Grumman, among all the players in the industry, and is now working on the construction of an integrated data-based systems for command and control of nodes within an open architecture framework — a network, solidify and upgrade the missile defense communication and sharing of information.
“When you walk into the AOC (Air Operations Center), where you have to run an air war, you’ll see a lot of the visualisation of the battlespace. You can see the two-dimensional information, from which it appears that the range of ground threats. The commander can be seen that, as the data is sensed and it is gone. We don’t have a lot of those out of the area. It’s hard to visualize what is going on in the area. If a commander has, battlespace awareness, in near real-time, he or she may be seen as a rocket is launched, and the creation of strategies and procedures in order to assist in the protection of assets,” the Retired Lt. Gen. Christopher Bogdan, the Senior Vice President, aviation and Aerospace, Booz Allen Hamilton, told the Warrior in a recent interview. (Bogdan previously served as the Program Executive Officer for the Pentagon’s F-35 program)
All of this is the case, it may be necessary to streamline the time-sensitive data in a secure and streamlined fashion across multiple nodes in real-time? Instead of working with a range or stove-piped, radar, and command-and-control centers, the Pentagon’s Missile Defense Agency and its industry partners such as Booz Allen Hamilton, have been working to protect and integrate the communication systems that are needed in order to share information on a critical series of circumstances, such as a nuclear attack.
For example, if you are a Pentagon official described it, the idea is to allow for the alignment of multiple radar systems on a single network as a way to quickly to determine the trajectory of an approaching missile from more than one angle — the use of multiple radar systems.
“We need the systems to talk to each other. It will only work if they are to have a common communication hub. You have about 20 to 30 minutes, in order to find out what it is that you are going to do it, and If you have multiple systems that are not coordinated, they may think that there are a further 12 missiles…but they are on the lookout for the same missile from different angles,” the Pentagon official said.
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In order to achieve this goal, it is not just the hardening of a satellite, radio, and computer networks, but it is an integrated engineering, mesh,” safe-connected nodes are in a position to make a safe and secure transfer of data, thus circumventing the problems caused by the loss of time in transfer of data from one system to another, Bogdan explained.
The break-down of the radar and communication stovepipes due to the use of the multiple-radar tracks at the same time as a Pentagon official explained, hereinafter referred to as operating in “stereo.”
“You have to protect the command-and-control. This is where redundancy comes in. It creates a self-adapting system, that is, it is very difficult for the opponent to take it. Your opponent will be faced with a difficult dilemma,” Bogdan explained.
The AI for Missile Defense
In the pursuit of faster, more secure, and technical modernization in the areas of information systems, and command and control are, not surprisingly, greatly enhanced by the emerging applications of artificial intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, Bogdan explained. AI, which works by comparing, and organizing information for a broad or a seemingly limitless database is to organize data, solve problems, and perform procedural functions, and with the speed of the process far beyond the human capacity.
The extension of this line of reasoning, it seems to take it for granted that the AI can go a long way to get to the “stereo” strategy, control and alignment of multi-radar tracking systems, one approach of the ICBM. Advanced algorithms are able to direct integration of multiple radar returns into a single time, presenting a comprehensive, feature-rich, unified view of decision-makers. While human cognition is, of course, essential to the decision-making process, AI-enabled machine-learning – based programs that can organize and distribute much of this information with mathematical precision at lightning speed. The advanced iteration of the AI, it can also provide context for the analysis of multiple inter-connected variables at the same time. For example, a computer-based system that would be able to make a distinction between the meaning of “ball” in “football” or “ball” as in the dance, through the analysis of the surrounding words have to be distinguished in a general way. This concept is similar to how the AI help of satellite command-and-control sense of, or organize, a variety of pools of information.
The more advanced the AI system is, the more quickly it absorbs, learns and integrates new information. Emerging AI technologies, such as one or two are now being developed by DARPA, have been looking into engineering as a kind of real-time, machine learning is a process in which computers do not have to wait for new information to bounce off of an existing database, but rather in the execution of the next even more quickly – in near real-time data streams.
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The satellites, themselves, Bogdan presented, it can be programmed the AI in such a way that they will be able to organize, analyze, and disseminate data from the sensors, while, in the space provided on the edges of the battle.
This is, of course, it could be just a streamlining for a long time-sensitive and command-and-control process. “You don’t have to take the data to the control center, you can do it from the top, with an intelligent satellite,” Bogdan said. “This is a forward-looking part of the AI. It will show that, when faced with something that may or may not have seen before.”
This is the kind of data synergy, which will collect and organize the information for human decision-makers, often in the process of comparing new information with existing information, and is not, in contrast to the well-known “sensor-fusion”, used in the F-35. Several instruments, including for targeting, navigation and EO-IR sensors are all synchronized on a single display for the pilot. In addition, the comparison of the newly collected sensor information to an existing database that is in full compliance with the F-35s Mission data, that is, the identification of enemy aircraft, in a specific global geographic areas, through the analysis of the model information.
Booz Allen Hamilton, was, according to Bogdan, the development of this kind of AI-enabled systems in satellites, missiles and defence, by means of simulations, to collect and catalog the new data to machine learning systems.
“By using simulation, we are able to create synthetic data, in order to help make the machines better. The information that has already been cataloged, these machines can also be distinguished from “the best way to do something, and it will reduce your vulnerability,” Bogdan said.
In this process, he added, can mitigate some of the need for human involvement in the chain of command and control, while still, of course, human decision-making faculties. Humans are, among other things, that will be better able to make sense of a wide range of more subjective variables that are less likely to be captured by the algorithms, or mathematical formulas.
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However, this is the kind of computer that is turned on in real-time, machine-learning, will also find application in what Bogdan described as a “destination SA.” Allies, and possibly even ballistic missile interceptors could defend against some forms of “jamming” or other electronic warfare attacks, by virtue of the drawing of AI-methods to compare and identify the opposing team’s signals. A new Adaptive EP system, as Bogdan explains, “you can tell what are the measures that have been used in the past, and it’s a signal to you to go with them. The AI can learn new signals and to absorb the impact of a new type of RF, depending on what the enemy is using. If you have a radio that will sense the environment in real-time, you are able to understand what the environment is like, and then create a waveform that can be changed,”
engineer a large number of smaller, Very-Low-Earth-orbiting satellites. The connection of a large volume at a lower level, smaller, more interconnected groups of LEO satellites, such as Bogdan explains, would help in the promotion of the construction of these new “networked” as a command-and-control apparatus.
The newer satellites will make it possible to create a faster, more complete and comprehensive information transfer, such as real-time video images of aircraft, pictures, images, cards, cards, e-mails, and instant messaging information. Along with other things. The Air Force Research Laboratory, have been among the entities in the implementation of these vLEO systems.
Some of the vLEO satellites that can bring about an improved throughput and high resolution by drawing on the technical ability to collect and organize data from multiple sensors at the same time, vLEO may be one or two aircraft to carry out the sensor functions, which are now four or five of the platforms, the Nigeria Vuyovich, executive Director of the Air Force and Special Operations Programs, as MAY be, said the Warrior Base in an interview earlier this year. SHOULD an Aerospace company, is working with the air force at the vLEO satellite.
Of course, a faster, higher-tech, data flow, prevents commanders from outsourcing critical control of the time spent waiting for a complete or more integrated intelligence (bi) data. For example, it may be that he or she is seeing, in real-time, high-definition video feeds, maps, and navigation data, images, messages, and information from a wider swath sensors such as Ground Moving Target Information, at the same time.
More quickly, at lower altitude, the satellites can also have the added benefit of reducing collision with a debris-filled space, and circumstances. DoD information, of which there are currently more than 17,000 softball, or larger properties in the area, with only about 1,200 or so are the satellites.
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“Low-Earth-Orbit satellites to have a smaller picture so there’s only so much they can see, but there is a lot of clutter is a bigger, greater, larger, picture, allies,” a Pentagon official explained.
Interestingly enough, the hang-up of a larger number of fast moving satellites, providing technical changes in line with the Air Force (Space-War Strategy. It is recognition of the fast growth in the weaponization of space, and with the advent of the space-fired weapons and anti-satellite technology, Air Force strategists to emphasize different tactics, such as breaking down and eliminating redundancy.
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The breakdown is the same, the distribution of the satellite assets to each other over wide swaths of the area, and to prevent the enemy from targeting a facility or a more condensed group of the space and equipment. This is to be turned on, in some cases, by the improved computer processing, and more scope for the sharing of information, it makes it much more difficult for an enemy to turn off a tv with satellite system.
“You have so many nodes that it is virtually impossible to destroy it,” Bogdan explained
— Stayed tuned for the next Essay – “a defense on Hypersonics & AST Arms”….. Coming up