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The mysterious mineral in the Earth’s mantle has been discovered in a South African diamond

(Credit: Bjoern Wylezich/Shutterstock)

A few of the grains of the rock are sitting in the diamond contains a never-before-found mineral.

And that new fabric would be to find an unusual chemical reaction that expands into the depths of the earth’s crust is the layer of Earth that lies between the planet’s crust and outer core.

Scientists have revealed a mineral of a volcanic site in South Africa known as the Koffiefontein pipe. Bright diamonds to create a dark, igneous rock that is the thrust of the nozzle, and the diamonds themselves contain small pieces of other minerals hundreds of miles below the earth’s surface. In one of these beautiful stones, the scientists found that there is a dark green, opaque mineral that is estimated it was formed about 105 miles (170 kilometers) underground.

They have named the new mineral “goldschmidtite” in honor of the award-winning geochemist Victor Moritz Goldschmidt, according to the study, which was published in the Sept. 1 in the journal American Mineralogist.

The whole of the mantle is 1,802 miles (2,900 km) thick, according to National Geographic, which is the layer of the lower region, it’s hard for scientists to study. The intense heat and pressure in the upper mantle of the transformation, a humble carbon deposits in the sparkling diamonds and the rocks will fall of the other mantle minerals, their structures, and can be pushed off the planet by a subterranean volcanic eruption. By analyzing the mineral inclusions in diamonds, scientists can take a closer look at the chemical processes that occur far beneath the crust.

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The authors of the study noted that, ” for a coat of mineral oil, goldschmidtite it has a peculiar chemical composition.

“Goldschmidtite have high concentrations of niobium, potassium, and rare-earth elements, lanthanum and cerium, and the rest of the earth’s crust is dominated by other elements, such as manganese and iron,” study co-author Nicole Meyer, a doctoral candidate at the University of Alberta in Canada, said in a statement. The potassium and niobium, the main part of the oil-based, which means that in the case of relatively rare elements, which are combined and concentrated nature of the particular substance, in spite of other, nearby elements that are more abundant, ” she said.

“Goldschmidtite, it is highly unusual for a shooting committed by a diamond, and that gives us a ‘snapshot’ of the liquid and of the processes that affect the deep roots of the continents during the diamond’s formation,” the mantle geochemist Graham Pearson, Meyer’s co-administrator, said in a statement. The odd, the mineral is now in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, ontario Meyer, told Science in an e-mail.

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Originally published on Live Science.

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