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The last meal of ancient ‘Iceman’ revealed

In November 2010 photo provided by the South Tyrolean archaeological Museum, researchers studying the body of a frozen hunter known as Oetzi the Iceman to taste of his stomach contents in Bolzano, Italy.

(Marco Samadelli/Eurac/South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology via AP)

Scientists study the body of Oetzi the Iceman — a hunter who died in the Alps 5,300 years ago — was that his last meal was particularly well-balanced.

The fat and the flesh of the wild goat, the flesh of deer, whole wheat seeds, and spores of ferns, leaves, and spores were discovered in Oetzi’s body, researchers described in the scientific journal Current Biology on Thursday.

OETZI ‘THE ICEMAN’ HAD HEART DISEASE GENES

The leaves and the spores can be accidentally swallowed or can be used as a medicine for parasites previously found in his stomach, according to the scientists.

“It was very impressive,” Frank Maixner, the leader of the author and a microbiologist at the Institute for Mummy Studies in Bolzano, Italy, said. “We could see chunks and pieces of food with the naked eye.”

Oetzi’s remains are well preserved from the mummification when his body was found near the border between Italy and Austria in 1991.

The fat and the flesh of the wild goat, the flesh of deer, whole wheat seeds, and spores of ferns, leaves, and spores were discovered in Oetzi’s body, researchers described in the scientific journal Current Biology.

(Marco Samadelli/Eurac/South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology via AP)

In 2009, a radiologist had discovered the iceman’s stomach was — had moved to the top, behind his chest. Researchers thawed his body, took samples from his stomach and rehydrated.

Almost half of its stomach was filled with body fat of an ibex, a wild goat that still lives in the Alps. While that is a lot of fat, Maixner said it made sense because “they had to be prepared” for the rugged terrain.

“They had to have food that gave them the necessary energy (to survive),” he said.

Albina Hulda Palsdottir, an archaeozoologist from the University of Oslo, is of the opinion that the findings are very valuable.

“She’s trying to get all of the methods in the toolbox to really answer to this important question of what people were really eating,” she said.

RESEARCH INDICATES THAT OLD ICEMAN WORE A HAT MADE OF BEAR SKIN

Now, Maixner and his team hope to reconstruct the composition of bacteria and other micro-organisms that lived in the Iceman’s gut, and see how it differs from what the modern people to see.

“Oetzi is always interesting,” Hulda Palsdottir said. “He’s already told us as much.”

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Nicole Darrah cover breaking and trending news for FoxNews.com. Follow her on Twitter @nicoledarrah.

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