The indictment question: How does the removal of a President work?

nearvideo-Pelosi: Trump’s actions violated the Constitution

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi delivers remarks to the Democratic meeting to go ahead with impeachment proceedings.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., on Tuesday, the introduction of an official impeachment inquiry into President, Trump announced. This, in the midst of a growing clamour about a whistleblower complaint that Trump may have the assistance of a foreign government sought, in his bid for re-election.

The announcement of the investigation Committee identified at an early stage with concrete steps by the Congress, as some Dems call for his removal from office. But the full impeachment process, by design, is a long and complex matter, not lightly. It may require months and much political capital and party-political power struggles – to run its course.


Here is how impeachment proceedings, and what it would take to actually remove a President from office.

How it works:

The authors of the Constitution established impeachment as a way to hold a President responsible for the abuse of power. The Constitution establishes a number of specific actions, faith, treachery or bribery– which lead to the impeachment and removal from office, and offers the President a study to determine whether or not he is guilty.

Along with treason and bribery, the President, the accusation of “high crimes and misdemeanors.” This is a pretty vague term, like so much of the language on impeachment of British common law and dates back to the 14th century.Century.

The term “high crimes and misdemeanors” was controversial when George Mason, to be added as a provision in the Constitution in 1787, and the sentence confused the legislator and the constitutional scholars since ever.

And what makes an impeachable offense, is disputed, the procedure for the impeachment of a President and remove him from office is quite simple, if lengthy.


Pelosi’s announcement of a charge request from the house Committee does not mean that the lower chamber of the Congress will actually take up a resolution to accuse trump – only that it is just a plan of the action, the whistleblower complaint surrounding the President’s telephone conversation with newly elected Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky.

To move if lawmakers in the Democratic-controlled house to decide, however, to move forward with impeachment proceedings, the first step would be for a member of the lower body, a resolution to contribute, to accuse trump. During the Watergate scandal of the early 1970s, the house isn’t too far away; – President Richard Nixon, against the pressure of the legislator and the extreme unpopularity among the American public, resigned.


After the introduction, Pelosi direct House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler, D-NY, would have to decide on an oral hearing, if the resolution to be put to a vote by the full chamber. Nadler is only send a simple majority in the Committee, the resolution to the house floor for a full vote.

Simple Majorities

On the ground, all that is necessary to is, indeed, to accuse the President, a simple majority of the votes of those legislators present and voting. This is what happened to President Bill Clinton in 1998, when he was arraigned by the house on charges of lying under oath and obstruction of justice.

Clinton and Andrew Johnson are charged with two American presidents are, in the house.



Just because a President is accused of, but to remove from the Oval Office is hardly a certainty. This is to be decided a question, while the President of the “trial” in the Senate.

The test is to decide whether the President has committed a crime; the procedure for the hearing is set by the Senate leadership.


During the process, the house of the legislature to serve as a so-called “Manager”, the filling is basically the role that the public Prosecutor would in a criminal case and present evidence against the President. The President is represented by his own lawyer.

The chief justice of the Supreme Court acting presiding over the trial and the Senate as a jury to listen to the arguments from both sides before the weigh-in and vote on whether the impeachment of the President. It needs to condemn a two-thirds majority and a President; with a determination of guilt that is removed the President from office and the Vice-President is sworn in to replace him.

How we got here:

Trump, the controversial conversation with the Ukrainian President is not the first time that the idea of impeachment was mentioned. In fact, the spectre of impeachment has since in the course of his presidency, even before he came into office.

Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into the Russian meddling in the 2016 presidential elections, and calls from Democrats that Trump obstructed justice. Several attempts by Rep. Al Green, D-Texas, indictment. The Billionaire Tom Steyer To Campaign Charges. All this and more has become the Trump administration

But Pelosi is the announcement of a formal impeachment inquiry, the first time the House speaker has yielded to the demands of fellow Democrats on the matter. Pelosi to discuss the previously very reluctant to charge fear that it will hurt Democrats, the chances of the withdrawal of the White house in the year 2020 – so their announcement on Tuesday marks a big change.


So, what led to the change?

Despite a telephone conversation with the Ukraine Zelensky last July, takes place, the impetus for the current charge to push back to June, when Trump said in an interview that he would consider accepting damaging information about a political opponent from a foreign government without prior notification of the FBI.

“I think you might want to listen to, there is nothing wrong with listening,” Trump told ABC News. “If someone called from a country, Norway, Austria, [and said], ‘we have information about their opponents’ – oh, I think I would want to hear.”


A few days later, the defense Department announced $ 250 million in aid for Ukraine, but by mid-July, Trump acting Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney said to have an influence on the payout to give the with the administration of the officials on the decline, the legislature more information on the matter.

A day after Mueller testifies before the Congress on its Russia-probe, trump carried out what he called a “routine” call with Zelensky, the, the whistleblower complaint, the trombone slid and the Ukraine is leading the investigation of former Vice-President, Joe Biden, — a front-runner in the 2020 election — and Biden’s son, Hunter.


Three days after the phone call, the Director of National Intelligence, Dan Coats back and Trump’s designated National Anti-terrorist center Director Joseph Maguire for his acting DNI game kicked.

On Aug. 12, the unnamed: whistleblower to make a complaint to Michael Atkinson, the general-inspector of the intelligence community, which, in turn, gave to Maguire. The acting DNI, but not alert Congress shall, within a week, reports the complaint, which forced Atkinson send a letter to house Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam Schiff and Ranking member Devin Nunes.

The ship sent a formal letter on Sept. 10 questions for the complaint, but three days later, Maguire has rejected the request, and the ship issued a summons.


The news of the complaint emerged in public last week, and while Trump tries originally, the focus moves in the direction of its allegations against Biden, he ultimately admitted he debated Biden in his call, but distracted, if he didn’t want the damaging information on the former Vice-President.

“The conversation I had, was largely a congratulations, with a largely corruption that takes place all of the corruption and largely in the fact that we do not want our people like Vice President Biden and his son to create corruption said already in the Ukraine,” Trump said.

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