Football – the most popular team game in the world. The history of “foot ball” has many centuries. In different ball game similar to soccer, played in the Ancient East (Egypt, China), in the ancient world (Greece, Rome), France (“La Soul”), Italy (“Calci”), in England. In ancient Egypt, like a football game was known in 1900 BC. Oe.
In ancient Greece, the ball game was popular in various forms in the 4th. BC. e., as evidenced by the image of juggling a ball boy on a Greek amphora, stored in a museum in Athens. Among the warriors of Sparta was a popular ball game “episkiros”, played and hands, and feet. The immediate predecessor of European football was in all probability, the Roman “Garpastum.”
In this game, which was a type of military training Legionnaires should hold the ball between the uprights. Their game was different severity. It is thanks to the Roman conquerors of the ball game in 1. Mr. Oe. became known in the British Isles, quickly gained recognition among the indigenous Britons and Celts. The Britons were worthy disciples – 217 n. Oe. in the town of Derby for the first time they won the team of Roman legionaries.
Around 5. This game has disappeared along with the Roman empire, but her memory has remained with the Europeans, especially in Italy. Even the great Leonardo da Vinci, competed in his favorite Florentine boys playing foot ball. When in the 17th century. supporters of the executed King Charles I fled to Italy, where they met with this game, and after ascending the throne of Charles II in 1660 brought her to England, where she began playing court.
Medieval football in England was wearing an extremely reckless and rude character, and the game itself is represented, in effect, dump the wild in the streets. The English and the Scots did not play on the life and death.
Not surprisingly, the government waged a stubborn war with football, have been published, even prohibitive royal decrees of Edward II (on pain of imprisonment not allowed to play in the city), Edward III (banned football because the army preferred to improve the game in archery) , Richard II, who, along with tennis and football banned the game of dice. Football did not like, and then the English monarchs – from Henry IV to James II.
But the popularity of football in England was so great that she could not stop, and royal decrees. It was in England, this game was called “football”, though it was not for official recognition of the game, while banning it. In the early 19th century. in the UK there was a shift from the “football crowd” to organized football, the first rule of which were developed in 1846 in Rugby-school and two years later refined in Cambridge.
And in 1857 in Sheffield, organized by the world’s first football club. In 1863, representatives from seven clubs have met in London to establish a level playing field and to organize national football associations. Were developed first in the world of the official rules of the game, got a few decades of universal recognition.
Since then, the rule has been amended several times, which certainly influenced the tactics and technique. In 1873 the first international meeting of national teams of England and Scotland, which ended with the score 0-0. Since 1884 the British Isles began to play out the first international tournament with players of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland (such tournaments are held annually and now).
In the late 19th century. Football began to gain popularity in Europe and Latin America. In 1904 at the initiative of Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Switzerland, was founded the International Federation of Football Associations (FIFA).