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The hidden world of undersea volcanoes, and lava flows are discovered off the Italian coast

The volcanic complex has been found under the Mediterranean Sea off the coast off the coast of italy. (Credit: FrankRamspott/iStock/Getty Images Plus

Hidden beneath the waves of the Tyrrhenian Sea, in the south-west of Italy, is a new volcanic-mosaic, dotted with geothermal vents and flat-topped mountains.

This property is new to the scientific community and the planet, geologically speaking; it is only about 780,000 years old. Scientists are not surprised to find one of the volcanoes in the region, which is home to active volcanoes such as mount Vesuvius and mount Etna. The new complex is unusual because it was made by a rare species of guilt, says study leader Fabrizio Pepe, a geophysicist at the University of Palermo in Italy.

“This is a very complex area,” Pepe told Live Science.

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Troubled region

In the eastern Mediterranean region is seismically restless due to the collision of three tectonic plates: the African, Eurasian, and Anatolian. Making matters more complex, it is a small piece of the crust, named for the Adriatic-Ionian microplate, who broke the African Record by more than 65 million years ago, and is now being pushed beneath the larger Eurasian Plate in a process called subduction. Mount Vesuvius is one of the volcanoes created by the subduction.

Previously, scientists have discovered a series of underwater volcanic arcs, created by tectonic disturbance, in the vicinity of the coast of Sardinia, at a number of young arms, to the south and to the east. These bows were an arrow pointing to the east, you will be asked Pepe and his colleagues, in order to look for a younger arc of about 9 miles (15 kilometers) off the coast of Calabria, which is called the “toe” of the “boot” of Italy.

There are, on the basis of seafloor mapping, seismic data, and magnetic anomalies, the researchers found a 772-square-foot (2,000 square km) in the region of lava flows, volcanic mountains, and hydrothermal vents; air vents in the sea floor, to warm the minerals to breathe, and a chimney-like structure. They called it the new area is the Also‐Enotrio‐Ovidio, Volcanic‐Intrusive Complex, are three flat-topped mountains underwater mountains formed by extinct volcanoes rising above the seabed.

A STEP-by-step

This is the description what is allowed magma to rise to the surface of the Diamonte-Enotrio-Ovidio-complex, creating an underwater landscape of lava flows, and mountains, of volcanoes. These are volcanic mountains that are now the high plateaus is because they are raised from the ocean when the sea level was lower, and they are hollowed out in their current crushed form, as Pepe used to say.

The volcano is not currently active, but there are a few minor intrusions of lava, in some parts of the sea floor, the researchers reported July 6 in the journal Tectonics. However, the area may be in the future, Pepper said, ” and it’s active volcanoes are currently working on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. The researchers are working on the construction of a volcanic risk map of the complex and easier to understand as it can be dangerous to human life or property. They are also exploring the possibility of tapping in to the complex in order to produce renewable energy.

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Originally published on Live Science.

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