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Archaeologists have discovered a 200-year-old Hebrew inscription at the site of the Great Synagogue in Vilna (Vilnius) in Lithuania for the first time since its destruction during the Holocaust.
Built in the 17th century, the imposing Renaissance-Baroque style, the Great Synagogue was destroyed during the Nazi occupation of Poland.
The Lithuanian and Israeli researchers have found an inscription dating from 1796, which was a part of the stone Torah-reading table in the synagogue. The table below was used to read from the Torah at the synagogue of the city, the building, the burning, and the eventual destruction of the Soviet union 70 years ago.
RADAR-THE TECHNOLOGY THAT HELPS IN RECOVERING FROM THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE OF VILNIUS, WHICH IS 70 YEARS AFTER THE DESTRUCTION OF THE
The inscriptions explain that the table was made by the two brothers, Rabbi Eliezer, and Rabbi Shmuel in memory of his mother Sarah, and father, Rabbi Chaim, who had emigrated to Israel. The Passages in the Bible have also been uncovered.
The site of the Great Synagogue of Vilnius. (Jon Seligman, Israel Antiquities Authority)
In addition, you will find a plaque in front of the head of the organization is to succeed in the synagogue, were found, as well as large parts of the centre of the beautiful Bimah. The Bimah, a platform from where the Torah is being read, it was a graceful two-story structure in the market square. Recent discoveries of hundreds of coins dating from the 16th to the 20th century, and the buttons of Napoleon’s Army, who passed through Vilnius, during the ill-fated invasion of Russia in 1812.
Experts from the Israel Antiquities Authority, and lithuania, the conservation officers have been excavating the site every summer for the past four years. “The project for the exposure of the historical Great Synagogue of Vilna, a part of the PRICE is ” Heritage without Borders “concept, in which, as well as the research on web sites outside of the borders of the State of Israel”, said the director of the IAA, Israel hasson, in a statement. “This is due to the perception that the PRICE was given by the Israeli public, and to act as a ‘watch tower’ in its name, to the protection of the heritage and of our cultural heritage.”
HOLOCAUST AND THE DISCOVERY OF RITUAL BATHS WERE DISCOVERED IN THE SYNAGOGUE COMPLEX WAS DESTROYED BY THE NAZIS
Dr. Vladimir Levin, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, studied the inscription.
The inscription, which was once part of a stone-Torah-reading table.
(Jon Seligman, Israel Antiquities Authority)
The synagogue was at the heart of the Jewish community of Vilnius for many hundreds of years, until its destruction by the Nazis. Prior to the Holocaust, the Great Synagogue was also surrounded by a host of buildings, including two synagogues, a municipal council, a kosher meat market stalls, miqva’ot’ (ritual baths) as well as the famous Strashun rabbinical library.
The site is also the home of the Rabbi Eliyahu, the famed 18th-century Vilna Gaon, or “genius”.
HOLOCAUST AND THE ESCAPE TUNNEL WAS FOUND: THE PRISONERS DUG WITH A SPOON IN ORDER TO ESCAPE FROM THE NAZI’S
The Great Synagogue, the compound was looted and burned by German troops in 1941, and the standing remains were destroyed by the Soviet authorities in the 1950s. The Soviet union later built a school on top of that, the area in 1964.
In 2015, the archaeologists used ground-penetrating radar to find the remains of the Great Synagogue and the buildings that surround the Shulhoyf ” or ” shulof community courtyard. By 2017, researchers uncovered two ritual baths, the remains of the building.
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In a separate project, in vilnius, Lithuania, is a tunnel that will be used by the Jewish prisoners to escape from the Nazis was discovered.
Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers