to connectVideoWorld War ii veteran recalls fighting in the Battle of the Bulge
World War ii veteran, PFC Robert DeVinney, recalls the fierce fighting conditions, one of the most lethal battles in world WAR ii, the Battle of the Bulge
The last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front, has become known as the Battle of the Bulge” to push into the Allied lines.
For the Americans, it was the largest and bloodiest single engagement of the Second world War, and it is also the third most deadly campaign in the nation’s history.
It all started 75 years ago, on Dec. 16, 1944, and as he caught the Allied forces off guard, and in the end, the German armed forces do not have to comply with the aims and objectives of the struggle, in essence, be depleted the Germans of their assets.
In spite of the failure, for the Germans, the battle is notable for a number of reasons. It has been demonstrated that, even in the late stages of the war, the German army was able to mount such an offensive, the Germans were in a position to make use of a deception in the sense that the Allies did not expect. In addition, the German army was on the roll-out of high-end military hardware, including arms, which could have an influence on the weapons development to this day.
THE GERMAN USE OF DECEPTION
In December 1944, the German army was to a large extent be seen as an applied force. The Allied success all started with the D-Day landing (6 June landing on the beaches of Normandy, and, after the outbreak in the region, followed by additional landings in the south of France, and it appeared that the Germans were on the verge of collapse. However, the Allied forces had suffered many setbacks, including the failed paratrooper attack on Holland in September, and the lack of ability to break through the German lines at the Battle of the Hürtgen Forest, which ended up as the Germans’ Ardennes offensive, was to begin with.
It is more important that the German soldiers were exhausted by almost continuous fighting, supply lines were overextended, and the stocks are depleted. The Allies believed that the Germans were digging in, and it is planned to use the time to regroup for a renewed offensive.
Because of the forested area of the Ardennes on the franco-Belgian border, the Allies chose to have the number of defenders, in the confident belief that there was no German counter-attack would be launched in this area. However, the history had proved that it was due to this, the forests in Germany was successfully launched, its “Blitzkrieg” attacks in France in the late spring of 1940.
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In December 1944, the Germans attempted to re-do it, and they used some deceptive tactics in advance of the attack.
– In This Jan. 6, 1945 file photo, American tanks are waiting on the snow-covered slopes in Bastogne, Belgium, during the Battle of the Bulge.
(AP Photo, File)
“If you look at where the Allies had to fight through the hedgerows of Normandy, and the race is in France, and to them, the Germans seemed to be caught and beaten,” with David J. Ulbrich, the program’s director and a professor in the Master of Arts in History and Military History at Norwich University in Vermont, told Fox News.
“There was a certain amount of hubris involved,” Ulbrich added in. “It was, in many respects, a colossal failure of intelligence, and the Allies misread the tea leaves. However, from an American perspective, the Germans were defeated, it was just that the Allies’ supply lines could not keep up. They (the Americans) were food, ammunition, and fuel. It was a good a time as any to take a break from time to time, and we had a huge snow storm.”
By contrast, the Germans were well prepared, and had gathered more than 400,000 people, and just over 1,400 up-armored vehicles, including tanks, tank destroyers, and assault guns. In the first attack of the Germans had an almost two-to-one advantage in manpower, and for the first time on the Western Front, in the very small minority of the Allies in terms of tanks and other armored vehicles.
More importantly, the Germans used deception to be effective, and that it was something that did catch the Allies off guard.
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“The Germans, traditionally, wasn’t good at lies and deceit,” by Robert Citino, a senior historian at the National World War II Museum in New Orleans, louisiana, told Fox News.
FILE – In this Jan. 13, 1945 file photo provided by the U.S. Army, the American soldiers of the 347th U.S. Infantry, wearing heavy winter clothing, they get a ration of La Roche, Belgium.
(U.s. Army photo via AP, File
“As the Allies did in the” golden standard ” of the military intelligence service during world War ii, but during the Ardennes campaign, the Germans did a pretty good job with the elaborate subterfuge, and deception,” Citino will be added. “This has included fake radio traffic of an army that did not yet exist, and the Allies fell for some of it.”
One of the most important German policy in the run-up to the attack was to deceive the Allies into thinking that they were preparing for an offensive and defensive.
“The German radio traffic said about the Defensive Battle in the West, and that gave me the impression that they will stand up to the defense to be as effective as they can be,” said Citino.
“This is a case of a great deception by the Germans and poor intelligence by the Americans,” said Ulbrich.
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The Germans used a number of deceptive tactics under the false-flag operations, led by Waffen-SS commando, Otto Skorzeny. Called Operation Greif, the flow of German soldiers, wearing captured Allied uniforms and using captured vehicles in order to avoid any confusion as to the cause. Approximately 150 of the finest speakers of the English language, were organized into a commando unit named Einheit Stielau, but in the end, the lack of proper equipment, and the failure of the Germans to dominate the American idiom, and reduced the effectiveness of the device.
– In this Nov. 1944 file picture, German infantrymen pass burning of the captured American soldiers during the driving of the Allied lines on the Western Front during the Battle of the Bulge.
(AP Photo, File)
Ulbrich noted that this operation is made up paranoia, and it was annoying, but in small spaces, and does not affect the overall strategy of the battle.
“It’s an exciting story, and it makes for a good story in a movie, but it didn’t really affect the outcome,” Citino told Fox News. “The conflict was also notable in that it was the last of the German paratrooper drop of the war, and they were supposed to be in a major way. There has been a failure, as the soldiers landed all over the place.”
SMALL ARMS TECHNOLOGY
In contrast to the great progress which the Allies had promised for the use of the D-Day landings, under the planes, landing craft, and even an artificial harbour, the German development was on a much smaller scale, but still significant. In the war against germany, it was the beginning of the production of aircraft and missiles, but for the soldier on the ground, a lot of it didn’t mean anything.
Instead, these people will come to appreciate the developments in small arms.
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“The bulk of the German Army was the infantry,” said Citino. “We are going to focus on the tanks, but we have to keep in mind that in Germany, entered the war with 100 divisions, but only 10 were up-armored. During the war, they had millions of horses to move equipment. World War II buffs have been guilty of focusing on the King Tiger II tanks, but the millions of German soldiers never saw what they saw were automatic weapons.”
The Sturmgewehr 44 is seen to be a World War II re-enactment last summer. This was the world’s first “assault rifle”, and it was one of the most advanced small arms used during world War ii. (Photo: Peter Suciu)
It is the StG44 (Sturmgewehr 44), the world’s first “assault rifle”, which would later be the influence of the Soviet-made AK-47; G-43 German semi-automatic rifle, and the FG-42 automatic rifle was developed for the paratroopers.
“The FG-42 was influential in the post-war small arms development (including the Us M60 machine gun,” said Citino.
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Be an original, but it will be deactivated StG44, in the author’s collection. While this weapon is far superior to the Kar98K, and the main battle rifle in service with the German armed forces, the introduction of the war, and has been described by Prof. Ulbrich Norwich University in Vermont as a case of too little, too late. (Collection Of Peter Suciu)
“This was an innovative and formidable,” said Ulbrich. “But there aren’t enough of them to make a difference. It was one of the problems with the Germans by this point in the war. They came up with the innovative weapons system, but they were spread thin trying to come up with solutions so that no one weapon system, it has the advantage, on the tip of the spear.”
The latter problem is, in Germany, was one of the songs. After a four-and-a-half years of fighting, in more ways than one, and they were, in fact, is a commonly used strength.
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The Fallschirmjägergewehr 42 (“paratrooper rifle 42”) was introduced, in particular in the German-elite-soldiers. While it was a powerful automatic rifle, and it was only produced in a limited edition, and I did not have a bearing on the outcome of the second world war. In the examples shown above are replicas of the two versions, that is, during the second world war. (Collection Of Peter Suciu)
“The units in which they could get were the ‘Volksgrenadier’ – made out of the cheapest workers combed the rear areas, in hospitals and in administrative positions,” said Citino. “If you are ahead, if the infantry can’t really get very far. Even with better weapons, [it] is not going to help enough. It’s not a winning combination.”