News

Stephen Hawking was in the wrong. Black holes are empty.

This image of the Event Horizon Telescope project will show the event horizon of the supermassive black hole at the centre of the galaxy M87.
(THE Collaboration)

Back in 2017, if a gravitational wave passed over the Earth as well as the sound of a bell. It is stretched and compressed with each individual mutant, and the scientific instruments on the planet, as it passes through our region of space. Now, researchers have gone back and studied that wave, and find the hidden information — information that can be used for the attachment of a decades-old astrophysics idea.

That, by 2017, golf was a big deal and, For the first time, astronomers have had to be a tool that is able to detect, and when it’s over, which is known as the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO). That first wave was the result, they have found two black holes crashing together, far, far away in space. Now, a team of astrophysicists have taken a different approach to the recording and found out what others thought, and that it would take decades to get to discover a precise confirmation of the “no-hair theorem. This is the essential aspect of the black-hole theory, dating back at least to the 1970s — with a thesis Stephen Hawking, who famously doubted.

When physicists say that black holes do not have “it,” said Maximiliano Isi physics at MIT and lead author of the paper, it means that astrophysical objects are very simple and easy. Black holes and dark matter are only different from each other in three main ways: rate of spin, mass and electric charge. In the real world, black holes and dark matter, is probably not a lot of differences in electric charge, so that they are in fact only differ from each other in terms of their mass and spin. Scientists refer to this as bare-bones objects, “Kerr” black hole.”

Related To: 11 Fascinating Facts About The Milky Way

That is boldness that makes black holes and dark matter are very different from any other object in the universe, and Isi, announced to the Science community. When a real call comes in, for example, sends the sound waves and what not) to detect the incredibly weak gravitational force of the waves. However, it is a much more complicated object. A clock is made of a material, for example, (bronze, or cast iron, whereas, according to the no-hair model, black holes are all uniform and singularities. Each bell has a slightly unique shape, while the black holes are in all of the infinitesimal, dimensionless points in space, which is surrounded by a spherical event horizon. All the features of a clock, it can be detected in the sound a bell makes — at least if you know something about the church bells and the sound of the waves. If you do, one way or another way, is a bell ‘ s, gravitational waves, that is, you want to detect any differences in the bell’s composition and shape, they are just as good, the Isi, has said.

“The key to this whole thing, that is, the waveform and the pattern of this stretch-and squeeze — it encodes information about the source, which is the thing that this is a gravitational wave,” he told Live Science.

And the astronomers: a study of the 2017 golf taught me a lot about the black hole collision, which is the Isi, he said.

But for the record it was bland and not very detailed. LIGO, the gravitational wave detector in the world , and uses a laser to measure the distance between the mirrors is controlled to 2.5 miles (4 km) from each other in an L-pattern in the state of Washington. (The virgo), and a similar detector is also picked up in the gulf, in Italy). As the wave rolled in LIGO, the distortion of space-time itself and the changes from a distance. However, the details of the graviational wave was not close enough to the sensors to take in Isi, he said.

“It is as if we are listening from very far away,” Isi said.

At the time, that golf is a lot of information on it. The black hole works as expected. There was no clear evidence that there is an event horizon (the region over which no light can escape), and it was not dramatically different from the no-hair theorem is, Isi, me.

However, the researchers were not able to be very certain of a lot of these issues, in particular the no-hair theorem. The easiest thing to be part of the wave form to study the Isi, said, ” the two black holes are merged to form one single big black hole. It continued to ring for quite a while, just as a struck bell, and the transmission of the excess energy in the gravitational waves — what astrophysicists call it the “ringdown”) process.

At the moment, the researchers are in search of LIGO data has been spotted for only a single waveform to the ringdown. The researchers thought that it would take decades to develop tools that are sensitive enough to pick up a quiet intensity in the ringdown. However, one of the Isi’s colleagues, Matt Giesler, a physicist at the California Institute of Technology (mit), realized that there was a short period of time immediately following the collision, in which the ringdown and was close enough that LIGO included more detail than usual. And in that moment the wave was loud enough that LIGO took a harmonic of a second wave at a different frequency, which is much of the weakness of the high notes which is to be carried out to the sound of a struck bell.

In the musical instruments, the overtones will carry the bulk of the information, the instruments and their characteristic sounds. The same is true for the intensity of a gravitational wave, ” he said. And the newly discovered harmonic shows the data of the ringing tone, a black hole is a great deal, Isi said.

It has been demonstrated, he said, is that the black hole was very close to a Kerr black hole. The no-hair theorem can be used to predict what the tone will be like Isi, and his team have shown that the tone is pretty much consistent with this prediction. However, the inclusion of the charge was not very clear, so it is still possible that the show was a bit different, with about 10% of what the thesis would be to predict the future. .

In order to continue that level of precision, ” he said, and you would need to extract a clearer harmonic of the waveform of a black hole, a collision, or to build a more sensitive instrument than the LIGO, Isi said.

“Physics is getting closer and closer,” Isi said. “But you can never be sure of it.”

It is also possible that the output signal of the load is not real but is caused by chance due to random fluctuations in the data. They made a “3.6 σ confidence” in the supreme existence. This means that there is about a 1 in 6,300 chance that the dominant one is not a true sign of the ‘black hole’.

As the tools improve and more gravitational waves are detected, these numbers should become more confident and to be precise, Isi said. LIGO has already been through the upgrades that have been made by the detection of a black hole collision-free routine. Another upgrade is planned for mid-2020, it must increase the sensitivity by ten times, according to the physical World. As soon as the space-based Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) is launched in the mid-2030s, astronomers should be able to make sure that the hairlessness of the black holes and degrees of certainty is impossible in this day and age.

However, it Isi said, ” it is possible that black holes are not completely bald they will have a number of quantum of peach fuzz that is simple, beautiful and short, and for our instruments to pick it up.

  • 9 Ideas About Black Holes And Dark Matter That Will Blow Your Mind
  • The 12 Strangest Objects in the Universe
  • Of the Biggest Unsolved mysteries in Physics

Originally published on Live Science.

Follow us

Don't be shy, get in touch. We love meeting interesting people and making new friends.

Most popular