Physicist Stephen Hawking death 76
Famous theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking dies.
Stephen Hawking, the famous theoretical physicist who defied the diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis to live virtually his entire adult life with the disease in a wheelchair, paralyzed, but that constant contributions to a world that few could understand – died, at the age of 76, a family spokesman said.
Although Hawking may be physically handicapped, he managed to write books, including the bestseller “A brief History of Time,” teaches the physics and the mathematics, the delivering of speeches and even float without gravity, while he is in the field of cosmology and quantum gravity.
He was not modest about what he wanted to do. “My goal is simple,” he once said. “It is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists.”
“My goal is simple. It is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is, and why it exists.”
– Stephen Hawking
Hawking, who reached his eighth decade, but was forced to miss a scientific debate to mark his 70th birthday in January 2012, because he was fired from a hospital just two days earlier. His personal assistant told the Daily Telegraph at the time of his speech was getting noticeably slower, sometimes only a word a minute.
As part of the events around his birthday, He gave a rare interview to the New Scientist magazine and stated there is still a puzzle left for him. Asked what he thought about most during the day, He answered: “Women. They are a complete mystery.”
His death has left an intellectual vacuum in its wake. But it is not empty. See it as a kind of vacuum energy permeates the fabric of space-time, which is not to be measured. Stephen Hawking, RIP 1942-2018. pic.twitter.com/nAanMySqkt
— Neil deGrasse Tyson (@neiltyson) March 14, 2018
In earlier interviews, Hawking was frank about his physical limitations. “I’m sure my disability has a influence on why I’m well known,” he said in an interview with the BBC. “People are fascinated by the contrast between my very limited physical powers, and the vast nature of the universe I deal with.
“I’m the archetype of a disabled genius, or should I say a physically challenged genius, to be politically correct. In any case, I am, of course, physically challenged. Or I’m a genius is more open to doubt.”
He was married and twice divorced. His first wife, Jane Wilde, was a fellow-student at Cambridge, whom he married 28 years. He married his nurse, Elaine Mason, whom he was with for 11 years before they separated.
He is survived by his three children from his first marriage, Robert, Timothy and Lucy.
Stephen Hawking with Nelson Mandela in an undated photo.
Stephen William Hawking was born Jan. 8, 1942, in Oxford, England. He had two younger sisters and an adopted brother.
The refrain from Stephen Hawking, a renowned physicist and ambassador of science. His theories unlocked a universe of possibilities that we the world are exploring. You can continue to fly like superman in microgravity, like you said, astronauts on @Space_Station in 2014 pic.twitter.com/FeR4fd2zZ5
— NASA (@NASA) March 14, 2018
He developed an early interest in science and mathematics, and when he was old enough his father, a medical researcher, encouraged him to apply to Oxford.
While there, Hawking began his studies in physics, and developed an interest in thermodynamics, relativity theory and quantum mechanics.
After graduating from Oxford, He studied in Cambridge, where he was diagnosed with AS. Also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease, als is a deadly motor neuron disease that leads to progressive muscle weakness and atrophy.
Stephen Hawking with Pope Benedict XVI.
He later said the diagnosis prompted a recurring dream that he would sacrifice his own life to save others.
“After all, if I’m going to die anyway, might as well do what is good,” he said. “But I didn’t want to die. In fact, although there was a cloud hanging over my future, I found, to my surprise, that I enjoy life in the present more than before.”
Shortly after obtaining his Phd, Hawking became a professor in Cambridge, working as a research fellow, also a fellow before he was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. That same position that he held from 1979 to 2009, was held by Isaac Newton in 1669.
Hawking has been awarded 12 honorary degrees and was elected one of the youngest Fellows of the Royal Society in 1974. He was later a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1982 and a Companion of Honour in 1989. He is also a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
Stephen Hawking (1942-2018). pic.twitter.com/CxvWQjpOrr
— TNT (@canaltnt) March 14, 2018
Hawking is the focus of research on cosmology and the fundamental laws of the universe. Together with Roger Pemrose, he applied a new model of Einstein’s General theory of Relativity. The model showed that space and time are infinite, and they would begin with the Big Bang and end with black holes.
He also came to the conclusion that black holes should emit radiation, and that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time.
He was never afraid to voice his opinion, even if it could be considered as controversial.
With the help of a mathematical basis, he said he was almost certain that alien life existed in other parts of the universe. “The figures are already thinking about aliens perfectly rational,” he said. “The real challenge is to work out what aliens might actually be.”
Stephen Hawking with Bill Gates.
He also took a jab against religion, saying: “I see the brain as a computer which will stop working when its components fail. There is no heaven or afterlife for broken down computers; that is a fairy story for people afraid of the dark.”
In 2007, Hawking became the first quadriplegic to float in zero-gravity when he took a flight in an aircraft of the NASA used to train astronauts. When he was asked why he took the flight, he said, “First, I believe that life on Earth is an ever increasing risk of being wiped out by a disaster such as sudden nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus, or other dangers. I think that the human race has no future if it doesn’t go into space. I therefore want to encourage public interest in space.”
“I believe that life on Earth is an ever increasing risk of being wiped out by a disaster such as sudden nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus, or other dangers. I think that the human race has no future if it doesn’t go into space.”
– Stephen Hawking
Hawking – or his animated lookalike — appeared on numerous tv shows, such as “Star Trek: The Next Generation”, “The Simpsons,” “Family Guy,” “The Big Bang Theory” and “Dilbert.” In some cases, he appeared as himself, while in other animated characters were created to resemble him.
A 2014 biopic “The Theory of Everything”, explored the engagement, the marriage and the eventual separation of Hawking and his first wife, Jane. The film, which was directed by James Marsh, star, British actor Eddie Redmayne as the famous physicist.
In order to communicate, Hawking uses a computer attached to his wheelchair. He used a switch to select words that are printed on a screen, and as he formed sentences, they were sent to a speech synthesizer.
His accent was described as Scandinavian, American or Scottish. He began with the use of the speech synthesizer in 1985, when he contracted pneumonia and had an emergency tracheotomy.