The location of a double star system, a group of astronomers think together will explode between 2021 and 2023.
(Larry Molnar, Calvin College)
Astronomers have discovered that the two stars who are well on their way to collide and create a spectacular explosion in the Earth and the sky somewhere between 2021 and 2023.
This binary star system is known as KIC 9832227 and consists of two stars that are orbiting each other once every 11 hours or so. Astronomers have predicted that the binary star together will ensure a bright explosion visible in the constellation of Cygnus.
“It’s a one-in-a-million chance that you can predict one of the explosion of a star, Larry Molnar, astronomy professor at Calvin College, who predicted that the timing of the binary collision, said in a statement from the college. “It’s never been done before.” [Supernova Photos: Great Images of Star Explosions ]
Molnar is the study of this binary star system since 2013 with the help of astronomy students at Calvin College. On the basis of their observations of the color and brightness of one of the two stars, the researchers determined that KIC 9832227 is a part of a contact binary system, which means that the two stars atmosphere.
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What’s more, observations show that the star from the orbital period and her partner is shorter — similar to the way a contact binary star, called V1309 Scorpii, before it explodes in 2008, according to the statement. Molnar predicts that the stars will merge and create an explosion in 2022, “give or take a year,” the statement said.
“Bottom line is that we really think that our merge-star hypothesis must be taken seriously now, and we should be using the next couple of years to study it so intensely that if it doesn’t blow, we will know what led to that explosion ,” Molnar said in the statement.
Molnar and his team plan to use the Very Large array radio telescopes in New Mexico, NASA’s Infrared Telescope Facility in Hawaii and the European space agency’s XMM-Newton X-ray space telescope to study KIC 9832227 in more detail. If all goes according to plan, astronomers have captured, for the first time, a binary star in the act of exploding.
“The project is important, not only because of the scientific results, but also because it’s probably the imagination of the people on the street,” Matt Walhout, dean for research and scholarship at Calvin College, said in the statement.
Molnar said that he as well as amateur astronomers to play a role in the tracking of the stars during the last years of her life .
“The job timing can be controlled by amateur astronomers,” Molnar said. “It’s amazing the equipment amateur astronomers have these days. They can measure the brightness of the variations with the time of this 12th-magnitude star as the eclipses and see for themselves if it builds on the plans we predict it or not.”
Original article on Space.com .