connectVideoNew poisonous snake species found in Australia
The researchers found a new species of bandy-bandy snake in Australia, which is already in danger of extinction because of the mining.
Some of the creatures discovered this year were sought by researchers-follow-on missions, historical finds in the depths of the sea or deep in a cave ─ while others are an unexpected surprise.
A small spider is found in a dark, damp cave in Indiana. A poisonous snake was sitting on a rock by the sea.
All of these findings of 2018 a successful year in terms of the animal kingdom.
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Here is a look at some of the most impressive finds as we prepare to say goodbye to 2018.
Venomous bandy-bandy snake
A group of biologists to accidentally make a terrifying find in Australia during the summer — a new species of the venomous bandy-bandy snake.
The team from the University of Queensland was the study of the sea snakes in the vicinity of Weipa when they randomly found the never-before-seen the snake.
“Bandy-bandy is a burrowing snake, so Freek Vonk of Leiden, and I was surprised to find it on a concrete block on the sea,” Bryan Fry, a professor leads the research of the mission, told the Independent. “We later discovered that the hose had slipped on a pile of bauxite debris waiting to be loaded on a ship.”
SCARY NEW SNAKE DISCOVERED
The reptile was apparently both “visually and genetically” of the five other species of bandy-bandy (or hope snakes) that the sliding of the continent.
“The discovery of these mysterious small hose is a symptom of a much more fundamental problem of how little we know about our biodiversity and how much can be lost before we even discover it,” Fry added.
Central African slender-snouted crocodileVideo
In the fall, scientists from the Florida International University (FIU) Tropical Conservation Institute and George Amato of the American Museum of Natural History in New York discovered a new species of the African crocodile. They called it the Central African slender-snouted crocodile.
The middle-and freshwater species, found from Cameroon to Tanzania, is officially called Mecistops leptorhynchus, according to National Geographic.
“Recognizing the slender-snouted crocodile as actually consists of two different types of is a cause for great conservation concern,” Matthew Shirley, a crocodile expert and principal investigator of the FIU, said in October a press release.
“We estimate that only 10 percent of the slender-snouted crocodiles occur in West Africa, effectively reduced the population by 90 percent. This makes the West African slender-snouted crocodile is one of the most endangered crocodile species in the world,” he added.
Pink, blue and purple Atacama snailfish
Three bizarre-looking species of deep sea creatures have recently been spotted in one of the deepest parts of the Pacific Ocean — the Atacama Trench, located 7 kilometers under the ocean’s surface off the coast of Peru and Chile.
A group of 40 scientists from 17 different countries together to look into the freezing, pitch-black space, with the help of cameras and other equipment.
“These fish are a part of the Liparidae family, and not meet the normal stereotype of what a deep-sea fish should look like,” England’s Newcastle University, a member of the expedition, wrote in September in a news statement. “Instead of huge teeth and a menacing frame, the fish, which roam in the deepest parts of the ocean are small, transparent, devoid of the scale — and very adept at living where few other organisms can.”
Indiana arachnologist Marc Milne discovered a new type of sheet weaver spiders in a cave in southern Indiana.
(Marc Milne/Subterranean Biology)
A small type of spider lived deep in a cave in Indiana — and scientists had no idea that it existed until recently.
Marc Milne, an arachnologist at the University of Indianapolis, discovered the new type of sheet weaver spiders in the damp and rocky stygian River Cave in June.
“In the morning when there is dew on the grass, and you can see the small horizontal webs which are sheet webs,” Milne told Gizmodo.
The spiders, which Milne with the name “Islandiana lewisi” after Julian Lewis, who he credited with the lead of the location, are only about two millimetres long. Their bodies are slightly translucent ─”dark yellow to brown” ä, and they have black circles around the eyes. This particular type of spider is known for its flat, tightly woven, horizontal webs.
“This is the fifteenth species in the genus (Islandiana) and the fifth known to live exclusively in caves. It already has more than 30 years ago that the last species is added to this group,” Phys.org reports.
Divers discovered the neon-light of new fish species in the Atlantic Ocean.
(Luiz Rocha/California Academy of Sciences)
Researchers from the California Academy of Sciences, Rocha Luiz and Hudson Pinheiro, a new species of fish ─ a neon pink and green Tosanoides Aphrodite ä 420 metres below the surface back in September, the Verge reports.
“This is, without a doubt, the most spectacularly colored fish that I have ever described,” Rocha told National Geographic about the discovery.
It is the “only fish of the species” known to live in the Atlantic ocean, the publication of reports.
Fox News’ Christopher Carbone contributed to this report.