Site Number 1 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan launched rockets since 1957. At this time it is the launch site for all space station crew members.
Russia may soon be the dismantling of the most historic launch site, where the world’s first satellite, the Sputnik, was lofted into space.
Site Number 1, also known as Gagarin’s Start, is located in Baikonur, Kazakhstan. The sputnik was the first spacecraft to lift off of this site in October 1957, followed by the first manned spaceflight mission in April, 1961 by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.
Many other historic missions launched from the Site Number 1, including the Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, who became the first woman to fly to space in June 1963, as well as Scott Kelly’s record-breaking stay aboard the International Space Station.
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Today, Site No. 1 is still used for the start of all the Russian, American, Canadian, European, and Japanese astronauts in space. However, that can change quickly, Ars Technica reported.
It is possible that the Site Number 1 will be dismantled sometime after the last flight of the Soyuz-FG vehicle in September. The manned launch of the Soyuz-MS-13 and Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft, in July and September, respectively, the last flights of the Soyuz-FG vehicle, according to Ars Technica.
Reports suggest the launch of the site will be shut down because of a lack of funding for upgrades needed to the launch of the Soyuz-2 rocket. Site-No. 1 was already configured for the launch of the Soyuz-FG rocket, which was introduced in 2001 and is now used to fly crew to the space station.
However, the cargo launches are already moved to the new Soyuz-2 rocket and the expectation is that the crew launches will move to the new missile, according to Ars Technica on the basis of a report by RIA Novosti.
In comparison with the 6.9-ton payload capacity of the Soyuz-FG rocket, the Soyuz 2.1 b has a capacity of 8.2 tons to low Earth orbit. Currently, the Soyuz-2 rocket launching Site 31 in Baikonur, as well as of the other two, the launch of facilities in Russia and Europe ‘ s Guiana Space Center in French Guiana.
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Original article on Space.com.