Acne scars are a fairly common problem with people who had had encounters with acne. Severe acne often leaves behind permanent scars that mar the beauty of otherwise flawless skin. People who have them have often tried all kinds of home remedies and treatments to remove acne scars, and have come out even more frustrated with them than they were before. If they have realistic goals and they indeed want some visible, tangible results with their acne scars, there are several acne scar treatments that can be tried.
Acne scar treatment can be ablative and surgical as well as non surgical in nature. It is essential to consult a dermatologist who will be able to accurately guide you with regards to the acne scar treatment that is best suited for your acne scar problem. Such as decision is often based on your expectations of improvement, the severity of your problem and the budget that you need to be working within.
Laser Acne Scar Removal Treatments
Laser treatments for acne scarring can either be ablative treatments or non-ablative ones. As ablative treatments help renew and revitalize skin on the whole, they have the added benefits of skin rejuvenation. But, as the name suggests, the treatments are fairly painful in the sense that they involve damaging the outer layers of skin so that the inner, fresher layers come out as the damaged skin heals.
While these treatments are quick and require absolutely minimal downtime, they may have certain side effects and they are also of course a little painful. CO2 and the Eribium: YAG lasers are the lasers that are most popularly used for ablative acne scar removal. The laser rays burn the outer layers of skin in a regulated manner with regards to intensity and depth. It takes about 2 weeks or so for the skin to repair and heal after which you will notice a new, fresh looking and scar free skin taking its place.
Non-ablative laser treatments are not aimed at damaging skin but are aimed at stimulating new collagen formation instead. While this treatment does not involve any burning or hurting of skin, it is unfortunately only helpful if the acne scarring is mild and the scars are not pitted deep. Pulse dye lasers are mostly used in these treatments and whether or not this treatment suits you depends on several factors such as the type and intensity of the scarring, the color or tone of your skin, etc.
Treatments for Deep Pitted or Depressed Acne Scarring
Treatments such as punch excision, punch grafting and punch elevation are used to level out depressed acne scars. In these treatments, the scars are initially excised, and then the skin is sutured closed and left to heal. The scar left behind by the stitches is often much less visible and if not, much easily treated with microdermabrasion or laser resurfacing treatments.
Subcutaneous incision, also known as subcision, is another fairly straightforward surgical procedure for acne scar removal that is undertaken under local anesthesia. In laymen’s words, this treatment involves the leveling or of scarred skin with the help of a small scalpel.
Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion
Dermabrasion involves the removal of the upper layers of skin using abrasive brushes that rotate rapidly on the skin’s surface. As the treatment is immensely painful, it is usually done under and anesthetic. Similar to some of the other ablative procedures, this procedure relies on the natural healing of the body in which the damaged outer layer of kin is soon replaced with healthier, scar free and smoother skin.
Microdermabrasion is the really small, kid brother of dermabrasion, in which small areas of skin are systematically abraded with the help of fine aluminum oxide crystals, which are then vacuumed away after the work is done.
This treatment can be used to even out depressed acne scars, and it involves filling out these pits with filler substances using minute injections. Unfortunately, though this treatment sound good, the results are not very long lasting and you may have to repeat the treatment at regular intervals. Bovine collagen, fats and even hyaluronic acid can be considered as good dermal fillers.
Steroid Acne Scar Removal Treatments
Keloid scars and raised hypertrophic scars can be treated using this treatment. This treatment involves injecting steroid straight into the scar tissues so as to either reduce their size or to flatten them out. Steroids soften up the scar tissues and this in turn even improves the general appearance of skin.
As mentioned earlier, the treatment that you choose depends on several factors such as your expectations from the treatment, the color or tone of your skin, the budget that you want to stay within and the severity and type of your acne scars. A dermatologist is the best person to advise you regarding the pros and cons of all the acne scar removal treatments mentioned above.