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Prospect agriculture: Latin America continues to build on a dominant position

Brazil leave be the US behind and is the largest sojaproducent in the world. Also, the growth in maize production will be mainly from Latin America. Furthermore, the two largest vleesuitvoerders in the world, Brazil and the US, together almost half of the globally exported meat.

A sojaveld, also known as a ‘green desert’, because there is almost nothing else grows or lives. © Getty Images/iStockphoto

Of all the countries in the world, Argentina and Brazil, their agricultural land in the last ten years the fastest growing, say the OECD (Organisation for Economic co-operation and Development) and the FAO (united nations Food and Agriculture organization) in their report Landbouwvooruitzichten 2017-2026. Argentina got 10 million hectares, Brazil, 8 million.

The next ten years, both countries have about the same amount of agricultural land.

Soy

The global soy production is growing until 2026 of 1.9 percent per year, which is much less than the annual average of 4.9 percent of the last ten years. In the large soyfood manufacturers is growing in Brazil is the strongest, 2.6 percent per year. That country also has more agricultural land.

Also read: How the demand for soybean allows for large-scale clear felling in Brazil

The expectation is that Brazil, the United States will overtake as the largest sojaproducent in the world. Brazil and the US will in 2026, which together accounted for almost 80 percent of the global soybean exports.

Maize production

The cereal production worldwide, with approximately 1 percent per year. The tarweproductie grows by 11 percent, the maisproductie with 14 percent, and the production of secondary cereals (barley and rye) with 10 percent and the rice production by 13 percent.

The area for corn increases, especially in Latin America, from 33.5 million hectares today to 35,7 million hectares in 2016. The continent sees his maize production than the strongest rise, with 39 million tonnes to 2026, 28 percent of the global growth in maize production.

Asia and the Pacific, the next ten years is 33 million tonnes of maize, extra produce. Unlike in Latin America, the increase is almost exclusively of a better return on the existing surface and is therefore not agricultural land.

Vleesexport

The developing countries will in 2016 be good for something more than half of the global vleesexport, but their share will steadily decrease. The joint share of the two largest vleesuitvoerders in the world, Brazil and the USA, will grow strongly, up about 44 percent of the total vleesexport. That concentration is because both countries benefit from greater productivity and of the good local supply of feed.

Also the expected depreciation of the Brazilian and Argentine currency relative to the U.s. dollar that concentration in the hand. It will also melkexport from Brazil and Argentina to boost as two countries in this field competitive.

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