MOSCOW, RUSSIA – MAY 9, 2018: Mikoyan MiG-31K plane with a Kinzhal hypersonic missiles, will fly over Moscow’s Red Square, marking the 73rd anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany in world War ii.
(Photo by Alexey NikolskyTASS via Getty Images)
They are the unleashing of destruction is to travel at five times the speed of sound. They have to maneuver with a computer-controlled precision, on the descent back into earth’s atmosphere in the direction of the target. Speed and power are so large, they can cause damage by pure kinetic impact without explosives.
They will be able to destroy Naval ships, anti-aircraft, ballistic missiles, ground targets and aircraft in a matter of minutes, or even seconds, depending on the starting point……. they can kill in an instant — it came out of nowhere.
They are Hypersonic weapons.
A lot of high-ranking Pentagon weapons developers, all share a common vision, hypersonics, are almost impossible to defend against, the coming to be of an unheard of tactical reality, it is bound to reform, war, and violence, unanticipated strategic changes.
How to carrier strike groups in the project output are within striking range of the enemy’s objectives? How can the German armoured columns to maneuver without being severely crippled by a lightning fast attack? What may be the most advanced fighter jets to manoeuvre in order to avoid this effect, it is as if there just isn’t time? Maybe the satellites, icbm’s, and defensive weapons such as Ground-Based Interceptors could also be vulnerable? The variables by means of the hypersonics promise to change the state of war are seemingly never-ending. There is a very, very serious.
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Of equal or greater concern, hypersonics, are no longer something to be put up for a long time-after all, they have been thought of, tested, and refined. In short, they are basically here. U.S. weapons developers on the fast track and is expected to be operational hypersonic weapons within a few years, if not sooner.
An air force chief scientist, told the Warrior of the united states technical approach to hypersonics is one of the steps of monitoring a particular stretch of road. Be the first to hypersonic weapons to emerge in the early 2020s, followed by hypersonic drones in the 2030s, in the run-up to the remote possibility of the introduction of the “asset” hypersonic platforms in the 2040s. However, due to the acceleration of the pace of technological advance, in this fictional timeline, it can be easy to be greatly increased. In the current threat environment, we are often told, is to create a sense of urgency.
“In the past few years, it has also been tested for more hypersonic weapons than we have been in a decade. We’ll have to fix that,” said Michael Griffin, the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, according to an Air Force report from February of this year.
The real problem with hypersonic weapons are available to his opponents — that is, the tempo. Kinetic energy weapons do exist, the ballistic missiles in existence, and space travel, the weapons exist, but are hypersonic weapons, dramatically change the “sensor-to-shooter” times. In fact, when the officers have only a fraction of the reaction time associated with most other weapons, how can they defend it?
But …..wait, hold on… before anyone gets deposited in the catastrophic destruction… but what if there was a viable way to defend against hypersonic weapons? What if they could be destroyed or disabled before it hit the target?
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This, according to the Pentagon, and the industrial weapons developers,… it is possible. In fact, AMERICAN weapons, the developers are already working on it.
While it is, of course, a lot of the details of these new methods are not available due to security reasons, there will be three categories in the present study, according to a senior industry, the weapons developers — lasers, weapons, or the modification of existing interceptors, or simply the engineering of new kill vehicles, and Music. Lt.-Gen. Trey Obering, the Executive Vice President of Directed Energy to Lead, Booz Allen Hamilton, told the Warrior in a recent interview. (Obering, previously served as the Director of the Pentagon’s Missile Defense Agency)
It Is To Keep Track Of Hypersonic Weapons
Industry, weapons, the developers explain that it is simply “tracking” is approaching hypersonic weapons may be an important starting point when it comes to the exploration of these options. While there are, of course, a wide variety of air -, sea -, and land-sensor technologies, and tracking of hypersonics rely heavily on satellites. Latest satellite-mounted, Distributed on the Basis of Infra-red (SBIR) sensors can now detect the heat signature of an enemy ICBM, or ballistic missile attack. The purpose of THIS is to transfer the information to the nation on the basis of the warning and activate response protocols, but THIS systems is not in itself “track” the flight of a hypersonic weapon. However, in the run-up to the creation of a satellite or group of satellites, with the technical capacity to track hypersonics — it is very, very real.
“We need to be able to follow them through their journey. We are very familiar with their route as soon as they are out of the boost-phase. You’re going to have to put a track up just enough so that you can start with an interceptor,” Obering said.
“We are gathering a lot of information about how this can be done,” he added.
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One way to do this, Obering explained to you, it would be an engineer, and a group of the network, the lower-flying Very Low-Earth-orbiting satellites, able to cover large parts of the country. Even though it covers more limited areas than that of larger satellites, as well as more targeted sensors, small satellites that travel closer to earth, faster, to the detection of objects with greater accuracy, and in some cases, the use of advanced processing speeds, and network sensor data.
“We do not have enough information. We need to build a constellation of these types of weapons. We’ve got plenty of them at the same level,” Obering said.
Obering carry out the technical basis of this type of tracking a demonstration satellites launched in 2009 and is used to track ballistic missiles. “We will be able to generate a track of the disk space on a ballistic missile, and in the heading if you want to go with a battlecruiser,” he said.
Retired Lt. Gen. Chris Bogdan, the Senior Vice-President, and a leader in Booz Allen’s Aerospace business, says the upcoming iteration of the machine learning and artificial intelligence, may aid in the processing of the sensor information, the analysis, and to succeed in the organisation and management of the target critical data, and with a much higher rate of speed than that of the existing technology. This is, of course, feature prominently on the length of time challenge when it comes to defending against hypersonics.
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“Machine learning and high-speed computing on sensor data is the collapse of the timelines at the bottom,” Bogdan told the Warrior. (Bogdan is the former Program Executive Officer for the Pentagon’s F-35 program)
With the AI, and some types of machine-learning methods, new data can directly be compared with the large and seemingly endless database of stored information, organize information, solve problems, and to the right of the human commanders of vital information. It should be a very dense network of rapid, moving from low satellites will have the ability to share target information, it can make a huge difference when it comes to defending against hypersonics. Advanced algorithms will be able to, among other things, the process of a huge volume of RETRIEVAL information, and quickly, to indicate moments of importance to human decision-makers. This can be done, as Bogdan points out, is exponentially decreasing for some kind of response, period.
Ever, followed, of course, hypersonic weapons have to be destroyed, disabled, or rendered useless. Among the various options, a space, in the air, and there are even a few on the ground, lasers may offer the greatest near-term promise.
“With the laser, we can burn a hole in it and cause it to fail. The Lasers are able to shoot the energy into a very small point,” Obering said.
Also, when it comes to the control of the speed of hypersonics, lasers travel at the speed of light is faster than the hypersonic weapons are. That is why, from a command-and-control point of view, lasers are able to help with the defense of the high command of the one way or the other to get in front of the sensor, the sensor-to-shooter cycle.
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The way in which a multi-layered defense on hypersonics could work, Obering explained the use of satellites for the tracking of the approaching weapon, and then sends the targeting data to the laser weapon or some kind of battlecruiser. In view of the fact that it is a super-fast rocket is launched like a ballistic missile, and then, in a maneuver a “glider” in the room “is The first line of defense in the boost phase. You need to destroy them before they hit their phase and transfer phase” Obering said.
From an operational point of view, lasers are the ideal weapons for space, as the thin air reduces the beam attenuator, whereby the increase in power, accuracy, range, and power…. While the satellite is fired lasers that are not here today, at the Pentagon, and the industry is working on technology that could very well be in a position to achieve this in a few years from now. Another laser would be able to make a sort of laser-armed-drone-type vehicle, in order to be able to operate at the highest altitudes in the earth’s atmosphere.
“We’ll be able to have a uav where the air is thin. How can we have a drone?” a high-ranking official at the Pentagon said Fighter.
Pentagon weapons developers, tell the Warrior to be the main focus at the moment, but are working on a laser-scaling, an engineer with effective weapons, each with a different level of range and power. As part of this effort, the U.S. military’s weapons developers is to maximize the ability of the movable laser guns.
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“We want to have something portable that can be used on a small ledge, which is a combination of a bright beam of light in a small form factor,” the official said.
Also, working as offensive or defensive weapons capable to destroy targets, the lasers can also be used as sensors to take the matter to carry out IS over the long haul. This “sensing” technology that could prove to be particularly useful at longer ranges. “The Lasers will burn through steel at 500 yards, but at longer ranges they may help you pinpoint a target,” a senior Pentagon official said.
In the application, this may mean that it is a surface Naval vessel to keep track of hypersonic weapons of high altitude, within or just outside the earth’s atmosphere. It can also be an indication that the implementation of laser sensors on the satellites will be able to get both the feeling and the destruction of targets.
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“Hypersonics are fragile, are aero-dynamic and heat,” Obering said.
Obering’s discussion of the thermal “robustness” of the hypersonic weapons will be further enhanced by an interesting, RAND Corporation paper, which explains why hypersonic weapons will have a higher heat transfer than that of Re-entry Bodies, by the publication of an ICBM. In the comparison, as discussed above, in the EDGE essay that takes in what appears to be a very relevant question in view of the fact that the Re-entry bodies traveling at hypersonic speeds when re-entering the earth’s atmosphere.
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Increased heat can bring challenges, it strengthens the weapon’s thermal signature, making it easier for sensors to monitor. The heat challenges, it can also be the creation of problems create a need for an engineer weapon against the heat of levels, and remain intact during high-speed flight. For this reason, hypersonic weapons — and the icbms, and they’re made with a specially designed, heat-resistant materials.
The RAND’s essay, titled “inhibiting the Proliferation of a New Class of Weapons,” according to the heat signatures, which are influenced by the shape, the size, the speed and the trajectory of the weapon.
“The greater the nose radius, the smaller is the heat transfer on the outside of the vehicle. Process design, i.e., the speed and the altitude, it can also be used to control the total heat transfer in an RV (Re-entry Vehicle), while meeting the input requirements and constraints, for example, in the range of the maximum delay time and the time of the flight. Hypersonic weapons have to have different constraints and requirements compared to the return of organs in the body. Heavy goods vehicles (Hypersonic Glide Vehicle) and HCMs(Hypersonic cruise missile), it will have a tendency to be sharp-edged or, with a small nose radius, thus allowing the heat to transfer out,” the essay states. BORDER – Speier, Nacouzi, Lee)
Hypersonic weapons, this essay further explains the need to travel for long periods of time at high speeds, as compared to the re-entry body,.. and so on… “are two of the most important factors in the total heat equation, velocity-time and, in general, is not to be reduced,” the paper states.
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Hypersonic weapons may also be entered, as Obering has to turn, causing a “disruption to the flow of air.” Changes in it can break down forces, such as lift, thrust, and drag, Obering said.
“These forces are in balance. If you have to, there is a small margin of strength. A disturbance may cause the vehicle to break down,” he said.
In essence, the idea is not to destroy the hypersonic weapon is a blast, but, rather, a result of the “instantaneous” angle of change in a complex, intertwined mix of air-to-air flow is variable. This is, quite significantly, that may cause a vehicle to break apart from each other. A number of things that can cause it, such as a laser, the failure of a booster rocket exploded in the vicinity of the weapon’s flight, or some other form of disturbance.
“Hypersonics control of surfaces and can maneuver like an airplane. You should take advantage of the speed of the vehicle, and cause a change in the vehicle’s direction,” Obering said.
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The reason for this kind of change would have to be made possible, in part, by the fragility of some of the elements of the hypersonics flight, such as control, heating and air-stability.
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“It’s part of the engine of a hypersonic cruise missile has been compared to lighting a match in a 2,000-mile-per-hour winds. In addition, the shape of the missile changes, the hardships encountered by hypersonic flight to create great challenges for the flight control,” writes Richard Speier, in a separate RAND’s essay, called the “Hypersonic Missiles”: A New Proliferation Challenges.