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‘Nuclear battlefield’ is revealed as scientists map the Bikini Atoll test, craters and sunken ships

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For the first time, scientists have conducted extensive mapping of the sea floor at the Bikini Atoll in the remote Pacific Ocean, the site of testing for the dropping of atomic bombs between 1946 and 1954.

In the study, it was revealed on Monday at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco, california.

“The a-bomb tests of the sunken ships, and the larger craters on the sea floor,” according to researchers at the University of Delaware, and, in an abstract of their research project. “The new discoveries include the subtle bedforms are visible on the sea floor of the Baker bomb test, a 21-kiloton blast, will provide new insights into the forces that make up the shape of the sea floor from the blast.”

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The study, written by Arthur Trembanis, and D. Ph., as an associate professor at the University of Delaware and a doctoral student Carter DuVal, described as ” the world’s first simulation of a nuclear battlefield.”

This US Navy handout image shows Baker, the second of the two atomic bomb tests, in which a 63-kiloton warhead was exploded 90 feet under water as part of Operation Crossroads, conducted at Bikini Atoll in July 1946.
(Ap/U.s. Navy)

Executed in 1946 as part of Operation Crossroads, Baker test resulted in a massive mushroom cloud that was captured in an iconic photo. The test is a devastating impact on the sea-bottom was clearly revealed in the mapping project. For the Baker test, the crater was about 8 meters (26.2 feet) deep, with a diameter of about 700 meters or 2,297 feet.

“The Baker, the crater has a flat floor, a sign on the back to fill in as the ejecta settled down after the blast,” the researchers explain. A possibility is that there is a subtle, but cohesive bedform features are visible on the sea floor that radiate away from the center of the impact crater.”

Experts, however, have not been able to find on the ocean floor, evidence of a test, a 21-kiloton aerial explosions, which is carried out in 1946 as part of Operation Crossroads. But they said it was the evidence of the 1954 Castle Bravo test of a 15-megaton hydrogen fusion bomb in a test that wiped out three of the islands.

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The flat bottom is the Castle Bravo crater is a 25-to 30 m (82 to 98.4 ft) deep and has a diameter of 1,400 m (4,593 feet).

Scientists have mapped the wreck site of the USS Saratoga, was sunk in the Baker test.
(Arthur C. Trembanis/Carter DuVal, University of Delaware)

Over a dozen shipwrecks have also been found to be in the project. “I think that all of the oceanographers, it is a site that you can directly connect to each other and to know,” he said Trembanis, in a statement by e-mail to Fox News. “There aren’t a lot of places where you can go and try to do something in a unique way. This was certainly the case here. There are just so many wrecks of ships, and each one is different.”

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Map of the Bikini Atoll test site-Baker crater, and a wrecked ship.
(Arthur C. Trembanis/Carter DuVal, University of Delaware)

In a separate study, scientists have shown that the radiation emitted in the different parts of the Marshalls Islands, which is where the test took place, it is because of the higher radiation exposure than the disaster at Chernobyl in 1986.

Fox News, Chris Ciaccia, contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

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