BERLIN (Reuters) – Researchers at Google say they have reached a “quantum supremacy,” in which a computer is to make use of the properties of sub-atomic particles does a much better job of solving a problem, and that’s the way of the world’s most powerful supercomputer.
FILE PHOTO: A handout photograph of the October 2019 and showing a part of Google’s Quantum Computer is in the Santa Barbara laboratory, ca, USA. The photo was taken in October of 2019. Google/handout via REUTERS
Given the task of finding a pattern in a seemingly random sequence of numbers, Google has a quantum computer that has an answer in 3 minutes, and 20 seconds. He estimates that the Top supercomputer right here in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, could be 10,000 years in order to complete the task.
According to Google, which is a huge victory, it meets the accepted definition of ” event of force majeure. In simple terms, this is to solve a computing task, that is, a conventional computer would have to fight, if ever, to finish the job.
But what does that actually mean in the research context, and when will quantum computing affect us? Here’s an explanation:
WHAT IS THE QUANTUM OF FORCE MAJEURE’?
Quantum now has been a ‘holy grail’ for researchers in the field, It is as well as the superior capabilities of quantum computing, is, after all, in practice, it is effective to replace the existing forms of computing.
WHAT IS DIFFERENT ABOUT QUANTUM COMPUTING?
Conventional computers use bits, or ones and zeros – the basis of their calculations. In simple terms, this is “yes”, “no”, or ” on ” and “off”. In a combination of bits that can be used to handle logic functions.
Quantum computing makes use of the properties of sub-atomic particles, with which they will be able to simultaneously exist in different states. A quantum bit, or qubit, can be both one and zero at the same time. In the jargon, this is called superposition.
WHAT MAKES QUANTUM COMPUTERS SO POWERFUL?
Another property of sub-atomic particles, it is for them to become ‘entangled’ – meaning that they are able to influence each other’s behavior in an observable way.
The combination of a conflict with a principle will lead to an exponential increase in processing power with each additional qubit.
The Different processor was designed by Google, is a unit of the Silicon Valley technology giant’s Alphabet, was 54 in the qubits is arranged in a two-dimensional grid. In the experiment, only 53 could be made to work, yet still be sufficiently in order to be successful.
WHY DID IT TAKE SO LONG TO GET HERE?
Physicists talk about quantum computing for more than 30 years ago, but the challenges of making their work can be daunting.
The qubits have to be cooled to just above absolute zero to reduce the noise or the vibration, which leads to errors in the calculations made by a quantum computer.
The Google research team, in the solving of the problem, with a high degree of fidelity and / or accuracy – can reasonably claim to have achieved a significant milestone, say the scientists.
THIS MEANS THAT THE OLD COMPUTERS BE READY?
Critics, including rival APPLE, saying that Google has been hyping this performance, and to create the misleading impression that quantum computers can effectively render all of the conventional computers that are out of date.
By adding disk-storage-the-Top super-computer, which is made by a non – IBM might have been resolved with Google: random number problem in the majority of the 2-1/2 days, with greater accuracy, ” they say.
Skeptics also claim that Google has just fixed a very small one, and that quantum computing is still a long way off in practice. In the real world, quantum computers are likely to be working in harness with traditional computers, to make use of their particular quality.
SO, WHAT’S NEXT?
The researchers, from the Google AI team to see the potential uses for quantum computing in the areas of machine learning, and materials science and of chemistry. They will have to admit, though, that’s still a higher level of precision is required in order to use the things in the real world.
Cryptographers are already in the process of preparing for the day that quantum computers can be used to crack codes that can be used, for example, in order to secure access to bank accounts. Thus, even for quantum computing, it is widely used in post-quantum cryptography is already here.
GOOGLE IS IN THE LEAD?
Google, with its ‘quantum first’ head-on, it is a strike and a claim to leadership in the field, but IBM was a close contender. Applied research is expanding, and start-up companies have come up also, it is possible to make a reservation for a quantum computer that is connected to a cloud server to carry out research work.
China, which has invested heavily in the field of artificial intelligence, is back, quantum computing, and so another front in a rapidly developing market-and technology, the cold war, the United States of america.
Reporting by Douglas Busvine; Editing by Mark Potter