FILE – This Feb. 6, 2016, file photo provided by the U. S. Navy, shows the Ticonderoga class guided missile cruiser USS Antietam (CG 54) sails in the South china Sea. (Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Marcus L. Stanley/U. S. Navy via AP, File)
The Navy is the firing of weapons, that are involved in the combat scenarios and refine warfare tactics through a rigorous training schedule, aimed at better preparing the sea service for the mass struggles on the open ocean.
Described by Navy officials as “high-velocity learning,” Surface Warfare Advanced Tactical Training (SWATT) is aimed at accelerating the control of decision-making, and respond in real time to new high-tech enemy weapons, such as missiles, lasers, sea mines, long-range anti-ship missiles and torpedoes, among others.
“We are focused on the high-end fight,” Cmdr. Emily Royse, SWATT leader, told the Warrior Maven in an interview.
The focus also has a heavy academic focus, led by a specially prepared Warfare Tactics Instructors, focused on the briefing and debriefing a number of operational maritime warfare scenarios.
“For each type of training, we focus on sea control events. Units are presented with a scenario and we are there to help them through the decision-making process to help them combat that scenario. For surface warfare, for example, the plan of how they are going to all of their ships through the narrow, high-risk straights or how to react to small boat threats,” Royse added.
The training about a wide range of maritime missions, mine countermeasures, Amphibious Ready Groups, Carrier Strike Groups and other elements of the surface warfare. The idea is to further and further refine tactics, techniques and procedures that are needed for the great war on the ocean against high-tech enemies.
“Sea control objective is to ensure that our armed forces are able to move freely within the sea lanes and to ensure that they are free of threats or to be able to counter threats,” Royse said.
A number of the special kinds of enemy weapons these courses expect for the future include a range of new systems including lasers, rail-guns and long-range missiles, among other technologies.
Not surprisingly, these courses appear as something of a linear outgrowth or a tactical manifestation of the Navy’s 2016 Surface Force Strategy document. Tilted “Back to the Sea, the strategy paper contains a number of specific enemy threat areas of concern, aimed at by the trainers course.
Examples of threats cited by the strategy paper are “anti-ship ballistic and cruise missiles, integrated and layered sensor systems, focusing on networks, long-range bombers, advanced fighter aircraft, submarines, mines, advanced integrated air defenses, electronic warfare, and cyber and space technologies.”
Just like the training sessions and the Area of Strength, Strategy, the Marine, Distributed Maritime Operations Concept also builds on the Navy’s much-discussed “distributed lethality” strategy, in place now for a number of years. This strategic approach emphasizes the need to more fully arm the fleet with offensive and defensive weapons and distribute forces if necessary.
With cyber, space and missile weapons, along with over-the-horizon, ship, and air-launched weapons – relevant for offensive attack as well as the “distributed” part of the strategy. Having an ability to defend against a large number of attacks and the strike of the long distances to the fleet to spread out and conduct dis compound operations, the making of U. S. Navy forces less vulnerable to enemy firepower.
Interestingly, the urgent need to emphasize offensive attack on the fleet appears to have roots in previous Naval strategic thinking.
of the overall strategic reason is to get the strength back in the direction of open or “blue water” combat capability against near peer competitors, as it was emphasized during the Cold War. While the importance of this form of strategic and tactical thinking never disappeared, these things were stressed less during the last 15 years of the earth wars that the Marine in the fight against terrorism, securing the international waterways, the fight against piracy and things such as Visit Board Search and Seizure.
These missions are of course still important, but the Navy wants to increase significantly its offensive “lethality” in view of the fact that rivals such as Russia and China have a precision-guided anti-ship missiles able to hit targets at distances of more than 900 km in some cases. The advent of new digital and electronic warfare attacks technologies, enemy drones, and the rapid global proliferation of sea mines, all present unique modern nuances in comparison with the previous Cold War strategic paradigm.
Nevertheless, the most up to date Naval Surface Warfare Strategy is, by design, seem to be something of a higher-tech, modern adaptation of a number of fundamental elements of the Marine Cold-War-era approach – a time when great naval battles against the Soviet union force was set up as a realistic contingency.
A 1987 essay with the title “Strategy Concept of the Navy of the USA”, published by the naval History and Heritage Command, cites the importance of long-range offensive firepower and targeting sensors in a geographically dispersed or extensive open ocean warfare environment. The paper goes so far as to the survivability of the U.S. Navy and the accomplishment of their mission depends on offensive firepower.
“Integrated forces can be geographically, but their movements, sensors, and weapons are geared on a maximum mutual support and offensive capabilities,” writes the newspaper.
The Cold War-era Strategic Concepts document also indicates that “Naval defensive capability should include long-range detection systems such as the airborne early warning, rapid-response command and control systems, and effective defensive weapon systems.”
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