to connectVideoMajor NASA, the discovery suggests a new evidence of ancient lake on Mars
An analysis of new rock samples collected by NASA’s Curiosity rover discovers evidence of clay minerals on Mars, which, in the presence of water in a large, old and more. While the presence of clay, which supports the notion that Mars may have water, it does not conclusively prove that the planet had the conditions for life.
NASA’s Curiosity rover has uncovered a startling surge in the level of methane on Mars.
In a statement released on Sunday, the space agency confirmed last week that the rover is measured as the largest amount of methane, 21 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), since landing on the Red Planet on Aug. 6, 2012.
On Earth, methane is produced both biologically and geologically, but it is not clear what the source of the methane spike on Mars.
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“With our current measurements, we do not have any way to tell if the methane is the source biology, or geology, or even ancient or modern,” said SAM principal investigator Paul Mahaffy of NASA’s Goddard Spaceflight Center, in a statement.
The New York Times reported on Saturday that the rays of sunlight and chemical reactions in would be to break up the methane in Mars’ thin air ‘ within a few decades,” adding that the newly detected peak was likely to have been recently released. The Times report in a statement from NASA on Saturday, and that is the whole “early science results.
This picture was taken on the 18th of June, 2019 at the latest, by the left Navcam on NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover. It was caught in at the 2,440 th Martian day, or sol, of the mission.
However, with the methane spike provides scientists with a valuable insight into the Red Planet. “It’s very exciting, because the germs of life, it is a major source of methane on Earth, but the methane can also be created by means of interactions between the rocks and the water,” said NASA in a statement.
The mission had already been determined that methane levels spike into the Red Planet’s northern summer, according to the Space.com.
The Mars methane spike has surprised experts in the field. Researchers, for example, Curiosity’s onboard laboratory to “sniff” the amount of methane in the atmosphere is about 12 times greater than that of a 20-month period which ended in 2014. “When you have two of these a month, by the end of 2013 and early 2014, four measurements averaged seven parts per billion,” said NASA, in 2014, in a statement. “Pre-and post-measurement, on average only one-tenth of that level.”
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Sudden, spikes of methane were also recorded, but scientists do not know how long the “transient plumes of the’ last, or why they are different to seasonal patterns.
“An ppbv means that if you have a volume of air on Mars, and a thousand-millionth of the volume of air of methane,” according to NASA. By 2017, the global annual mean methane on the Earth had reached 1,850 ppbv, according to the World Economic Forum, which is an increase of 75 ppbv during the period from 2007 to 2017.
So, armed with the data of the methane spikes, the scientists are taking a lot more of the methane measurements, as well as how to work with the European space agency, esa’s ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter. The orbiter is a joint project of the ESA and the Russian space agency Roscosmos, is in an orbit around Mars for a little over a year ago. The orbiter, however, did not measure methane during the first year of a new job, much to the surprise of the scientists.
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“The combination of the observations from the surface and from the job can help scholars look for the source of the gas on the planet, and understand how long it will last in the atmosphere,” said NASA in a statement. “That would explain why the Trace Gas Orbiter and the Curiosity’s methane observations have been different.”
The Red Planet is still a source of fascination. The Curiosity rover, for example, was recently caught in a photo that showed a strange white light on Mars. NASA told Fox News that the failure was “likely to be the effect of the Sun.”
Scientists recently announced the discovery of the layers of ice, buried a meter below the Mars ‘ north pole that could help you in unlocking the Red Planet’s history.
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Experts from the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Arizona, worked with the Shallow Radar on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter to make the discovery. The ice-cream, they say, could be the remains of the ancient polar ice-caps and could be one of Mars’ largest lakes.
Last year, in a major announcement, NASA revealed that the Curiosity rover had found organic compounds on Mars.
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In November, NASA announced that it has been chosen for the location of the Mars-2020 and land rover on the Red Planet. The rover is expected to march on Nov. 18, 2021.
NASA’s long-term goal is to have a manned mission to Mars in the 2030s. However, the former astronaut Buzz Aldrin thinks that a little later, a target date of 2040 is a more realistic one.
In a recent interview, in 2016, the Gemini 12 and Apollo 11 astronaut, told Fox News that by the year 2040, the astronauts were able to visit Mars’ moon Phobos, which would serve as a sort of stepping-stone to the Red Planet.
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Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia, contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers