Minsk is the capital of the Republic of Belarus, its political, economic, scientific and cultural centre.
Minsk is one of the oldest and the most beautiful cities in the republic.
It has a long history dating back to the past. It was mentioned in chronicles in 1067 in connection with a battle at the Nemiga River. Then it was called Mensk or Menesk.
There are a few theories about the origin of the name. Some scientists say that the name came from the name of the river Menka. Others suppose that there was a great market and the name of the city originated from the Russia word “Mena” exchange.
Minsk is situated on the way of conquerors coming from the North, the West and the East. Therefore, it was destroyed many times through the centuries. First, by the Tatar-Mongol hordes, then the Swedish troops of Charles XII and by Napoleon’s Army in 1812. The Second World War brought the greatest losses. German invaders destroyed Minsk almost completely. But after the war it was rebuilt anew. Today the city occupies an area of some 200 square kilometers and has a population of about 1,8 million.
The capital of our republic is a very beautiful city. There are picturesque squares, for example, Victory square with obelisk, Yakub Kolas Square with a monument to the great poet in the centre and the main square of the republic Independence Square. There are a lot of parks and green spaces in Minsk which are free for those who want to walk and relax.
Minsk is a modern city with a great number of industrial enterprises, educational, scientific and cultural establishments. Industry is highly developed here. Hundreds of plants and factories produce tractors, cars, bicycles, TV-sets, watches, shoes, clothes and thousands of other goods.
Minsk is the centre of scientific and cultural life of the Republic. There are a lot of libraries, palaces of cultural, cinemas and museums. Though there are not many theatres in Minsk, they are very popular (for example The Russian Drama Theatre, The Belarusian National Drama Theatre named after Yanka Kupala, The Puppet Theatre, The Opera and Ballet Theatre).
The cultural life in the Belarusian capital is varied and interesting. A lot of tourists visit the city every year. They visit museums, exhibitions and theatres.
The citizens of Minsk are proud of their city.