The report found that two billion of the world’s seven billion people are overweight or obese.
LONDON – Almost every country in the world has serious nutritional problems, either as a result of over-eating leads to obesity or a lack of food leads to malnutrition, according to a large study published on Saturday.
Researchers behind the Global Nutrition Report, which looked at 140 countries, said that the problems were “put the brakes on the development of the human being as a whole” and called for a critical change in the approach of this global health threat.
The report found that while malnutrition is falling globally, and their rate of decrease is not fast enough to meet the internationally agreed Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) to end all forms of malnutrition by 2030.
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More than 155 million children under five years of age are hampered by a lack of nutrition, and 52 million are defined as “wasted” – which means that they do not weigh enough for their height, according to the report.
On the other side of the spectrum, over-eating is taking a heavy toll on people of all ages all over the world: from the report revealed that two billion of the world’s seven billion people are overweight or obese.
In North America, one-third of all men and women with obesity.
Worldwide, at least 41 million children under five are overweight, and in Africa alone, approximately 10 million children are now classified as overweight.
“Historically, maternal anaemia and child malnutrition were seen as separate problems of obesity and non-communicable diseases,” said Jessica Fanzo, a professor at the Johns Hopkins University in the United States, which are co-responsible for the Global Nutrition Report.
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“The reality is that they are inextricably connected with each other and driven by inequality everywhere in the world. That is the reason why governments … need to address them holistically, not as separate problems.”
Donor funding for nutrition has increased by only 2 percent to $867 million in 2015, the report found. It said that the funding should be “turbo” and called for a tripling of global investment in power supply for $70 billion over 10 years.
The Global Nutrition Report is an independently produced annual analysis of the state of the world from the power supply. It follows the progress on the goals for mothers, infants and young children nutrition and diet-related chronic diseases established by the World Health Organization member states.