Three commonly used pesticides are indeed a danger to bees. That is the conclusion reached by the European voedselwaakhond EFSA today in a report.
The European Food Safety Authority consulted with more than 700 studies on the impact of the so-called neonicotinoid on both honey bees as bumblebees and solitary bees. She decides that both imidacloprid, clothianidine as amending a large danger. In addition, the report, the limitations of the EU in 2013, instituted on the use of the substances is inadequate to the risks to avoid.
“The evidence is overwhelming that bees, and thus the plants and crops which they pollinate, at high risk for neonicotinoid,” says Franziska Achterberg of Greenpeace in reaction to the news. ‘The national authorities must now stop hesitating and a European ban on the substances support as a first step to the catastrophic decline of the bijenpopulaties to stop.”
Bijenpopulaties going steadily backwards, and that’s not only bad news for honey production
Five years ago, the European Commission had already a temporary ban on the substances, after a few studies on the damage to bee had pointed out. With the ban, the commission wanted time buy for more research, and there is the new report the result of it.
The clear conclusions of the report do not imply automatically that these substances also be prohibited. EFSA has only an advisory function. At the end of next month to discuss the European member states the dossier.
Bijenpopulaties going steadily backwards, and that’s not only bad news for honey production. The global food production is, after all, for three-quarters of the plants that are at least partly dependent on pollination in order to bear fruit. Some of these crops, such as coffee and cocoa, are an important source of income for developing countries.
In some places in the world is now more than 40 percent of the pollinating insects are threatened. The insects have a hard time due to different causes, including the advancing monocultures that do not allow room for wild flowers or crops that are of food for pollinating insects.
Also the climate change has an impact, especially on bumblebees. By the warming of the earth alters the territory of both the plants and the insects, and also the flowering time of plants.