With the launch of the autumn edition of the fair trade Week, (26th of October to 3rd of november) is an opportunity to find out how to be fair fair trade products are actually. What is the meaning of fair trade? And how to be honest, it is a product that has the Fairtrade logo-wear?
Last year, it bought 83% of the Dutch households will have a product with the Fairtrade seal of approval. During the holiday season, a distinct peak. This is mainly due to the sale of chocolate,” says Tara Scally, of the Max Havelaar foundation in the Netherlands to determine which products have the fair trade logo may be worn.
Five years ago, only 10 per cent of the household for the fair trade certified ™ chocolate initials, or kerstkransjes over the past year, 32 percent of the time. This year fair trade is a growing.
Fairtrade helps farmers and workers in developing countries a fair price for their produce and to get. “Too often the abuses of large businesses, such as grocery stores, in their power to keep their prices down as low as possible to enter text, below the price of the products,” says Scally. “This results in an unfair trade practice.”
How to choose the best sustainable chocolate?
The minimum price for the farmers
The fair-trade logo on a product, for example coffee, chocolate or bananas), then you can be sure that the supplier and the farmer for a minimum price to be paid, which is the farmer’s cost of production, it would have to be able to pay for it. The starting price should be the farmer’s loss when the price of a product suddenly drops.
Take coffee, for example. The world market price for coffee hovers around $ 1 (about 0.90 euro), while for farmers with a minimum of 1.40 the dollar in need to the first place to come up with their cost of production. Fairtrade has established a minimum price of 1.40 us dollars. Incidentally, it was responsible for only 5 per cent of a cup of coffee in Dutch supermarkets and the fair-trade seal of approval.
The fair-trade logo on the packaging, then the supplier shall:
- For the farmer the fair-trade minimum prices paid in
- The premium to be paid to the cooperative for which the farmer is a member
The supplier has to pay in addition to a contribution to the cooperative of which the farmer is a member. The farmers in the cooperative to decide how that money is spent. This can include, for example, to supplement the income, and the purchase of the trucks, the building of new schools and the installation of a water pump.
The sale of fair-trade chocolate in the Netherlands, by 2018, more than 1.6 million in contributions for the co-operatives in. That was five years ago, it was less than eur 300 000.
For example, bananas, tea, coffee, or chocolate, you can get the fair trade certification mark to find them. If it is, then you can be sure that the supplier and the farmer for a minimum price to be paid. (Image: 123RF)
The supermarkets must take their own responsibility
However, there is also criticism on the labels, such as fair-trade. Oxfam Novib explained that not all of the products with a label, 100 percent of the uitbuitingsvrij it. So, for example, in fair trade and only look at the farmers, but not, for example, the workers in the manufacturing sector.
“Our goal is to offer a fair price for farmers and workers in developing countries. So it began, the farmers in Mexico,” explains Scally from it. “With products such as coffee and cocoa, the raw material, whereby the processing is almost always outside of the producing countries, is taking place. With the products like flowers and bananas), the processing is already within the world, or society, environment and the working conditions are covered by the Fairtrade standards.”
Oxfam is referring to a situation in which the processing is outside of the fair trade cooperative is taking place. Scally: “In this case, the processing industry, in each case to the international labor rights compliance, and we have to look at how we make our method to be able to further adjust to these changes.”
“Of course, we would like to expand to even more products and even more deeply in the supply chain to explore,” she continues. “But this is where we are playing and it’s been very difficult since the trading system is still unfair. In order to do this, and have more of an impact, you need to increase the volume. In other words, more companies could under fair-trade conditions have to buy.”
Do the supermarkets are good if they have quality labels such as the fair trade sale? Oxfam Novib is not possible. Supermarkets will often refer to the use of the certification marks to the consumer, to show them that they are to be sustainable, but in their own business, not to it. The supermarkets must take their own responsibility in order to mensenleed in the chain of production are to be prevented. They can’t blame it on the labels, according to the organization for cooperation and development.
The Fairtrade logo is not only found in coffee, chocolate and bananas, but also coffee, spices, sugar, rice, and quinoa. A complete list can be found here.