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The first is a great photo of a dark-energy-hunting telescope unveiled.
In the first photo, released by the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) in Garching, Germany, combines X-ray images of a nearby galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud, in addition to a few of the interacting cluster of galaxies at a distance of 800 million light-years away.
“These are the first pictures of our telescope to show the true beauty of the hidden universe,” said Peter Predehl, principal investigator of the eROSITA, in a statement. “In order to meet our science goals, we had plenty of sensitivity for the detection of the most distant cluster of galaxies in the universe over the entire sky, and to solve spatial planning. This is the first light in the pictures to show that we are able to do so, but we’ll be able to go a lot further.”
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This eROSITA image shows the Large Magellanic Cloud, our neighboring galaxies.
(Photo: © F. Haberl, M. Freyberg, and C. Maitra; MPE/IKI)
According to the MPE, each telescope is equipped with a state-of-the-art CCD camera with a stunning, spectral, and timing resolution. “The potential for new discoveries is immense. Now we’re ready to start using it to harvest the fruits of more than 10 years of work,” said Predehl.
One of the other eROSITA image for the A3391/3395 a system of “clusters” of galaxies, which shows the various processes that give rise to the formation of the so-called massive structures in the universe, according to scientists.
The clusters, like the great nebula in the picture, is actually a span of tens of millions of light-years across, and contains thousands of galaxies, each with.
These are two of the eROSITA images of the two interacting galaxy clusters A3391, at the bottom of the screen, and the double-peak cluster, the cluster A3395 to the bottom of it, with the emphasis of eROSITA’s a beautiful view of the distant Universe.
(T. Reiprich (Univ. Of Bonn), M. Ramos-Ceja (MPE), F. Pacaud (Univ. Of Bonn), D. Eckert (Univ. Of geneva), J. Sanders (MPE), N. Ota (Univ. Of Bonn), E. Bulbul (MPE), V. Ghirardini (MPE), MPE/IKI)
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X-rays provide a unique view of the Universe, which is hidden in visible light,” said Kirpal Nandra, director at the high-energy astrophysics at MPE. “Looking at what seems like a normal star to X-rays, we may be able to see it in orbit around the white dwarf or the neutron star was in the process of devouring its companion. Visible light shows the structure of a galaxy is traced by the stars, but the X-rays are dominated by the extreme black holes growing in the centers.”
Nandra said: “where we see clusters of galaxies with optical telescopes, and X-rays reveal that the large reservoir of the gas to fill the space between them, and to trace the dark matter structure of the Universe. Her performance has been demonstrated, we now know that eROSITA will lead to a breakthrough in our understanding of the evolution of the energy content of the Universe.”
The eROSITA is launched on the 13th of July, as a part of the Russian / German Spektrum-Roentgen-Gamma (SRG) mission, and is now in it’s goal of course is 100 days after its release.