Fast flowing lava flows in the direction of the ocean on Hawaii’s Big Island

HONOLULU – the Fast-flowing lava rivers oozed over more ground in the direction of the ocean on Hawaii’s Big island at the weekend, in which the officials to knock on doors and urge remaining residents in the Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens evacuation zones to flee immediately.

At least one resident was trapped by a lava flow from the Kilauea volcano, before he was rescued by the authorities.

A portion of a highway through the affected areas was closed after a lava flow came within a radius of about 100 yards (90 meters) of the roadway, according to the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.

Powerful fountaining of lava in a fissure blew strands of volcanic glass known as Pele’s hair in the air. The glass was named after the Hawaiian goddess of fire.

Explosions at the summit of the Kilauea volcano also sent small bursts of volcanic ash as high as 15,000 feet (4,570 meters).

Wind carried volcanic gases, air pollution and ash particles to other parts of the island. On Tuesday, authorities advised residents to minimise the exposure to these elements in order to prevent irritation to the skin, eyes and respiratory systems.

A new gap is opened, bringing the total number of spouting lava 24 since the eruption of the volcano began on 3 May, according to Hawaii County Civil Defense.

Lava had also related to two wells at a geothermal plant on Sunday. Officials of the province, said the connected wells were stable and controlled, and there was no release of hazardous gases such as hydrogen sulfide — a colorless, flammable gas that can be emitted by volcanoes, or when organic matter and waste to break down.

Ormat Technologies, a Nevada company that is the owner of the geothermal plant, said Monday it cannot currently assess the extent of damage to the wells. The plant, Puna Geothermal Venture, produces about one fourth of the Big Island of the daily energy supply.

Lava and volcanic ash spewing from Kilauea have torn parts of the sparsely populated south-eastern side as the Big Island. The eruption began on 3 May had displaced thousands of inhabitants, burned 37 houses and businesses being forced to close.

Two earthquakes on Monday and Tuesday — 4.4 and 4.5-magnitude, respectively — shook the Big Island, though neither was strong enough to generate tsunamis, according to the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center.

After weeks of scientific updates on the volcano, the U. S. Geological Survey took a lighter tone in answering a question on Twitter about whether or not they would be safe to roast marshmallows over volcanic vents.

“We’re going to have to say, no, that is not safe,” the USGS tweeted in reply, saying: if the vent is emitting volcanic gases, such as sulphur dioxide or hydrogen sulphide, the roasted marshmallows “would be of bad taste.” The gases in general, emitting the smell of rotten eggs.

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park remained closed for 19 days. The park has no water due to damaged pipes, said Jessica Ferracane, a spokeswoman for the National Park Service.

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