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FARC and Colombia sign a peace agreement

FARC and Colombia sign a peace agreement

The Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos and FARC leader timochenko launched have Monday afternoon local time, the peace agreement signed in the Colombian city of Cartagena. The government and the rebels have four years of negotiations on the agreement in the Cuban capital Havana.

In the agreement is, inter alia, agreed that the FARC and the Colombian government no longer fight against each other. It also gives the rebellengroepering its weapons in exchange for amnesty for former members. In addition, the ex-rebels into politics.

The treaty was signed with a pen that is made of bullets. “To make the transition from arms to education and the future, to illustrate,” said president Juan Manuel Santos. He called Monday a “historic day”. The two, dressed in white, leaders speldden each other after signing a symbolic peace dove.

Several foreign leaders, including Us secretary of state John Kerry, UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon and Cuban president Raul Castro, were present at the signing.

For the Netherlands minister Bert Koenders (Foreign Affairs). He called the treaty “a major step towards peace in Colombia and stability in the region”. In total, lived about 2,500 people to the ceremony. Prior to the sign was a religious ceremony.

Referendum

Before the agreement definitively enters the population Sunday, October 2, via a referendum vote on the treaty. When a majority for the treaty will put an end to a struggle which for more than half a century, takes time and more than 220,000 people it has killed. It is expected that the majority of the Colombians for the treaty vote.

A part of the Colombian population wants the FARC-fighters still be prosecuted. The group has made in the past, often the use of violence, kidnappings and bombings to achieve their goals. The FARC was in the sixties, founded at the ‘capitalisation’ of the South American country.

Protesters went Monday to the streets in Colombia.

FARC and Colombia sign a peace agreement

Minister of Foreign Affairs Bert Koenders and the Dutch ambassador Jeroen Roodenburg at the religious ceremony prior to the vredesondertekening.
© ANP

Millions of Colombians look to the signing of the peace agreement.
© ANP

President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia arrives with his wife Maria Clemencia Rodriguez Munera at the religious ceremony prior to the vredesondertekening.
© ANP

Colombians protest against the peace agreement. They want that FARC members should be tried.
© ANP

The American minister of Foreign Affairs arrives in Cartagena, where Monday the peace agreement is signed.
© ANP

Cuban president Raul Castro arrives in Colombia. In Cuba, four years, the negotiations held.
© ANP

FARC members at the announcement of the peace agreement.
© ANP

UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon arrives in Colombia.
© ANP

The historic agreement is followed by millions of Colombians.
© ANP

The former Spanish king Juan Carlos arrives in Colombia.
© ANP

Ban Ki-moon, Raul Castro and other foreign leaders at the signing of the peace agreement.
© ANP

FARC leader timochenko launched put his signature under the agreement.
© AFP

The Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos and FARC leader timochenko launched shake hands after the signing of the treaty.
© AFP

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Terror

Monday night deleted the EU, the FARC all of her terror. That decision went in from the moment the peace agreement was signed.

The movement had in the past multiple times, a request is made to be the terror to be deleted. Since 2002, the FARC on the list. The assets of groups on the list are automatically frozen and it is also assist punishable.

The FARC (Revolutionary armed Forces of Colombia), is currently primarily engaged with large-scale drug trafficking. At the peak of the FARC, there were about 20,000 fighters, it is estimated that there are now approximately 7,000.

Grace

Although in the peace agreement, an amnesty was agreed for (ex-)members of the FARC, that is not true for Simón Trinidad, a FARC leader who is currently sixty-year prison sentence in the U.S. for the kidnappings of three American contractors. “Simon was and is not part of this agreement,” said the American minister of Foreign Affairs Kerry Monday.

“We are aware that many people here are interested in, but it is a matter for Justice, not for Foreign Affairs.”

See also:
Background: Fifty years of conflict between FARC and government of Colombia

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