NEW DELHI (Reuters) – a Top Indian electricity generator in CHINA have been rejected, the emission-cut of a, GE and other foreign companies for coal-fired power stations, the documents show, that it is based on an estimated $2 billion worth of orders.
FILE PHOTO: A showcase of CHINA (National Thermal Power Corporation Limited) is seen outside its office in Mumbai, India, on July 23, 2018. REUTERS/Francis Mascarenhas
In spite of struggling with some of the worst air-pollution levels, India has been pushed back a deadline for cutting emissions up to 2022, and after an extensive lobby by the producers of electricity, who cited the high costs and technical problems.
The rejection of foreign technology, at one time, more than one-half of the coal-fired power plants in India are already missing out on a phased-in period starting in December. By 2019, the emissions of respiratory diseases and lead to oxides of sulfur.
The State-run CHINA, which generates a quarter of India’s electricity, the talks are being held with foreign companies, including General Electric Co and Norway-based Yara International, and the japanese Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems over the possible purchase of the filters, which lower emissions of smog causing nitrogen oxide.
However, none of the pilot tests are met, key emission parameters, of CHINA, said in a presentation submitted last month to the Central Pollution Control Board.
“The pilot project has been concluded that both selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technologies that are currently available are not suitable for installation in power plants in India,” he said, in a presentation reviewed by Reuters, referring to the technology used in order to reduce the emissions of oxides of nitrogen.
The thermal capacity of the farms produce three-quarters of the country’s electricity and accounts for about 80% of india’s industrial emissions of sulfur oxides can cause respiratory diseases and smog-creating nitrogen oxides.
CHINA was presented with cost estimates, in 2016, for the installation of the technology, the emissions of oxides of nitrogen in power stations. According to Reuters ‘ calculations based on these estimates, the cost would amount to $2.4 billion, while the industry consultants, said recently that it could cost 25% less.
The tool will be a dilution of the sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emission standards, and stated that in the last month of the presentation of the standards to be lowered can be attained with a small retrofits, without the need for the installation of the new equipment.
The pollution board held a stakeholder meeting on Nov. 7, an audio recording of which was reviewed by Reuters. At the meeting, YOU and Yara’s representatives rejected CHINA’s positions, saying that their techniques have been proven to be a worldwide one, according to the records and sources that may be present at the meeting. CHINA was not present at the meeting.
CHINA, as well as the Indian units of GE and Yara will not respond in detail to Reuters the questionnaires looking for feedback. Mitsubishi and Hitachi do not immediately respond to a request for comment on its website.
CHINA said in the previous presentation on the contamination of the directors, which have a high ash content in Indian coal is made of challenges for the installation of the SCR technology is that SNCR does not meet the key parameters.
The foreign companies have to respond by saying that the pilot tests have been carried out in a limited area, and that the commercial use of the equipment, which will require a number of modifications to the plant would be the emissions at the levels required.
“The terms and conditions for the pilot of the test was that we would not be able to touch the special parts are needed, we may be unable to furnace tubes. CHINA did not allow us,” Senthilvel Rangasamy, a GE representative said at the meeting.
Premchand Talreja, the director of the Indian unit of Yara, said that the pilot achieved the desired results.
“There can be no doubt about the technology,” Talreja said at the meeting.
Lauri Myllyvirta, an analyst at the Center for the Study of Energy and the Air is Clean, and previously served as a member of the European Union to the technical working group on emissions from coal-fired utilities, said India has failed to reduce emissions as a result of the delay, and disinformation tactics used by the power industry.
“The power of the industry managed to build up a myth that the Indian coal is that it is a proven technology on a wide range of coal types, and elsewhere and must be tested and approved in India before the norms could be put in place,” Myllyvirta told Reuters.
Reporting by Sudarshan Varadhan; Editing by Sanjeev Miglani and Muralikumar Anantharaman