Exclusive: Google appears to have contributed to Android’s dominance in India watchdog

NEW DELHI (Reuters) – Google (GOOGL.(O) appears in an abuse of its dominant position in India, and reduced the ability of the device manufacturers to pick for the alternative versions of its Android mobile operating system, the east-Indian civil servants to be found in order to have a wider probe into an antitrust case.

FILE IMAGE: The Google logo is displayed at the entrance of the Google offices in London, united Kingdom, January 18, 2019. (REUTERS photo/Hannah McKay/File Photo

In a 14-page order, the Competition Commission of India (CCI), reviewed by Reuters, this week, it was Google’s restrictions on the manufacturers seemed to amount to an imposition of “unfair contract terms” under India’s competition law regime.

Reuters reported last month, the CCI had launched a probe in April, against Google for alleged abuse of Android’s dominant market position to block competitors, but the purpose of the directive, which is the first assessment on which the study was ordered not to was previously the truth.

In the Indian case, it is similar to a Google concentration camps in Europe, where the regulators imposed a $5 billion penalty on the company, forcing manufacturers to pre-install its apps on Android devices. Google has lodged an appeal against the judgment.

Through the process of creating a pre-install Google’s own apps are conditional, Google, “to reduce the ability and incentive of the manufacturers of the devices, to develop and sell devices that operated on an alternative version of Android,” the CCI said in its order. “It does at first glance, the use of Google’s dominance”.

Asked for comment, Google referred Reuters to a statement from the previous month, in which it said the Android had enabled millions of Indians to connect to the internet through mobile devices is becoming more affordable. Google is looking forward to working with the cultural and creative INDUSTRIES “in order to show how Android has led to more competition and innovation, not less,” the company said at the time.

The CCI did not respond to a request for comment.

When I made the order, dated the 16th of April, called for a broader probe of Google, the guardian, the research unit should be able to be clear, it is the Google of any wrongdoing.

The amount of the fine that can be imposed on Google in the cultural and creative INDUSTRIES-the rules against it, it was not clear.


Android is used by device makers for free, has about 88 per cent of the smartphone market. In India, about 99 percent of the smartphones sold this year will use the platform, a Counterpoint Research estimates.

In the EU, the regulators said that Google forced manufacturers to pre-install Google Search and Chrome web browser along with the Google Play app store for Android devices, giving it an unfair advantage.

In the Indian case, Google argued that Android is an open-source platform, as well as the pre-installation obligations are “limited in scope”, the CCI order said.

The cultural and creative INDUSTRIES, said that the complainant, in the Indian case, which, according to the sources relating to more than one person has claimed that Google has engaged in abusive behavior, which is similar to the type described in the Eu case. She said that Google is engaged in anti-competitive practices, with the aim of cementing Google’s dominance”.

Google’s “alleged conduct, it can help to maintain the dominance in online search markets, while resulting in a denial of access to the market for competitive apps, search for” the CCI said in its order.

The research arm of the cultural and creative INDUSTRIES, the wider probe into the case within 150 days of the order’s already been said, although for such cases, the watchdog typically drag on for years.

The CCI also said that it is the role of a Google employee’s alleged misuse of the Android platform, it also needs to be investigated.

In the study, it is not the only anti-trust headaches for the Mountain View, Calif. – based company is one of the most important growth markets. Last year, the CCI imposed a fine of eur 1.36 billion rupees ($20 million) on Google for “search bias” and an abuse of its dominant market position.

Google has lodged an appeal against this order, saying that the ruling would lead to “irreparable” loss and damage to reputation, loss. That appeal is still pending in an Indian court of law.

Reporting by Aditya Kalra; Editing by Martin Howell and Alex Richardson

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