Eating disorder bulimia is less common
The number of new cases of the eating disorder bulimia nervosa in the last thirty years, with two-thirds decreased. A possible explanation is that being overweight is normal and therefore the pressure is reduced to binge-eating to compensate, for example, by vomiting or laxatives to use, what forms the core of bulimia.
In this research, a phd psychiatrist Frédérique Smink on september 28, at the University of Groningen. “The average body mass index (BMI) of the population has increased in recent years; there are more people with overweight,” says Smink. “This is what you see back in the streets. Because of this, people feel less pressure to be an aggressive method in binge eating to compensate, such as in bulimia, is the case.”
The number of new cases of bulimia is decreased, while the number of people with anorexia nervosa, where the patient is strong vermagert and underweight has, over the past three decades remained stable. “Every psychiatric disorder is caused by a combination of biological factors such as genetic predisposition, psychological factors and social factors,” says Smink. “Bulimia is probably more sensitive than anorexia for social factors, such as the increase of the BMI of the general population, but also the emergence of the internet in the past few years.”
For Smink, the internet has both a positive and a negative side for eating disorders. “On the one hand you have the so-called pro-ana websites, which eating disorders as a lifestyle glorifying, and social media with profiles of girls who have photos of their toned bodies show it.” This would understand eating disorders in the hand can work.
The internet also has a positive impact on people with anorexia and bulimia. “In the past twenty years is more attention for eating disorders, and the adverse effects thereof. Especially bulimia is surrounded with a lot of shame and taboo. Through the internet, people have now easier and more anonymous access to information and treatment, such as, for example, self-help. Possible people find this faster the road to recovery, before they have a serious eating disorder have developed.”
About the future Smink clear. “In contrast to bulimia is anorexia been around since the middle Ages described, so I expected that this disorder still exist. Unless there is a good deterrent is developed.”
The two eating disorders are severe psychiatric disorders that most often occur in the transition from youth to adulthood; they usually arise between the ages of 15 and 19 years.
From Sminks research shows that, among Dutch adolescents 1.7 percent of the 20-year-old women, anorexia nervosa has, or ever in her life, 0.8 percent bulimia nervosa and 2.3 percent the eating disorder, also called binge eating disorder (BED). When 20-year-old men came to the eating disorder, the most for; it went to 0.7 percent.