News

Easter island discovery: the Experts solve ancient monuments mystery

connectVideoEaster Island mystery solved?

Researchers say that they figured out how the ancient people of easter island 12-ton hats for the mysterious images.

Experts have unlocked more secrets of the mysterious ancient monuments on easter island.

The famous statues, or moai, are supported by monumental platforms called ahu. Researchers have, however, long wondered why the monuments were placed in specific locations on the island.

Now, a team of experts has used spatial modeling techniques to the relationship between ahu construction and natural resources on easter island, or Rapa Nui. They discovered that the ahu were built near fresh water sources, which are limited on the island.

EASTER ISLAND MYSTERY SOLVED: HOW LARGE STONE ‘HATS’ WERE PLACED ON THE FAMOUS OLD IMAGES

“The problem of the availability of water (or the lack of it) is often mentioned by researchers working on Rapa Nui/Easter Island,” said Carl Lipo, an anthropologist at Binghamton University, State University of New York, in a statement. “When we started investigating the details of the hydrology, we began to notice that fresh water access to the statue’s location were well linked to each other. It was not clear when walking around–with the rising water to the coast during low tide, one doesn’t necessarily have to see clear indications of water.”

File photo – Images on Anakena Beach, easter island, Chile.
(Photo by Eric LAFFORGUE/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)

Without the ahu/moai showed no freshwater,” he added. “The pattern was striking and surprising in how consistent it was.”

Researchers had already identified discharge into groundwater in coastal areas as an important factor in the sculptures’ placement on Easter Island off the coast. In the last phase of the study, experts examined how the availability of fresh water in certain areas is linked to the methods and means of the building of the images.

EASTER ISLAND IS THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATION WAS NOT DESTROYED BY WAR, EXPERTS SAY

Around 900 statues, or moai, are scattered around easter island.

Circa 1955: Two antique statues of uncertain origin on easter island, in the South Pacific Ocean.
(Photo by Richard Harrington/Three Lions/Getty Images)

“The monuments and statues are located in places with access to a resource critical to islanders on a daily basis–fresh water,” said Terry Hunt of the University of Arizona, in the statement. “In this way, the monuments and statues of the islanders’ deified ancestors reflect generations to share, perhaps on a daily basis-in the middle of the water, but also food, family, and social ties, but also the cultural tradition that reinforces the knowledge of the island of precarious sustainability.”

Hunt noted that the island is the culture of cooperation can explain how the islanders survived the centuries, despite the limited natural resources.

EASTER ISLAND IS THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATION WAS NOT DESTROYED BY WAR, EXPERTS SAY

Researchers have compiled extensive data for the western part of easter island, and plan to have a complete overview of the famous site.

Hoa Hakananai’a from Orongo, easter island (Rapa Nui). Easter Island stone statues of human figures, known as moai, were probably carved to commemorate important ancestors and were made from around 1000 AD until the second half of the seventeenth century. Of the British Museum and the collection.
(Photo by CM Dixon/Print Collector/Getty Images)

Experts from the University of Oregon, Pennsylvania State University, the University of Auckland, California State University, Long Beach has also participated in the research. The paper was published in the scientific journal Plos One.

The remote island in the Pacific ocean is located more than 2,000 miles off the coast of Chile, it is still a source of fascination for historians. Last year, researchers, including experts from Binghamton University, worked out how the ancient inhabitants were able to place massive stone hats on the statues.

EASTER ISLAND DISCOVERY: EXPERTS UNRAVEL THE MYSTERY OF OLD IMAGES

In 2016, research into artifacts of the island questioning the theory that the ancient civilization was destroyed by the war.

File photo of An elderly woman sitting to read by a large stone image, or the moai of easter island on display in the British Museum, London, 1967.
(Photo by Romano Cagnoni/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Experts, also from Binghamton University, studied hundreds of ancient items found on the shores of easter island. Previously, the artifacts were supposed to be spear points, but the analysis shows that they were likely general purpose tools.

Carved from obsidian, or volcanic glass, thousands of triangular objects, known as mata’a, the nest of the surface of the island.

EASTER ISLAND ARCHAEOLOGY PROJECT DIGS UP ISLAND’S SECRETS

Some scientists have calculated that at its peak, easter island population may be as high as 20,000, but fell in the course of centuries after the island, trees and palms are cut down to build canoes and to transport the famous giant statues. One theory suggests that the deforestation led to soil erosion, affect the island’s ability to support wildlife and agriculture, and the collapse of civilization.

When the Dutch arrived on the island in 1722, the population of 3,000 or less. Only 111 inhabitants living on easter island by 1877.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FOX NEWS APP

However, other experts have questioned whether the easter island ever in favour of a large population, the quote in place of the arrival of the Europeans, who brought disease and took islanders away as slaves.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Follow us

Don't be shy, get in touch. We love meeting interesting people and making new friends.

Most popular