It was a number of grave goods. It turns out that it is a red pigment, ocher, and covered with a portion of the tomb where the deceased was laid to rest. (Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities)
Archaeologists have found 83 in the tombs of ancient Egypt, but the human remains were not buried in coffins, as is often the case. On the contrary, the deceased were buried in clay pots, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities and the national museum.
Eighty of the graves date back to the civilization of Bhutto, or lower Egypt, in the first half of the fourth millennium B. c. The tombs were found during the archaeological excavations in the Dakahlia governorate of northern Egypt, not too far away from the Mediterranean Sea.
The team also found three graves of the Naqada III period, which lasted from about 3200 to 3000 B. c and It is unusual to find the clay coffins in the Dakahlia, of Naqada III, Mostafa Waziri, the secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said in a statement. In other parts of Egypt, at that time, the elite of the elite, people were usually buried in mud brick tombs, or wooden boxes, while the poorer people were often buried in shallow holes, in accordance with the University College, London.
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The Naqada culture is an old one, even by Egyptian standards, the predynastic of Egypt during the Chalcolithic period, or Copper Age. The new discovery suggests that a lot of people in the area and have lived in that period of time, said Waziri, who believes that there are still more tombs to be found on the web site.
The ancient Naqada III tombs containing a wealth of artifacts. So far, excavators have discovered the hand-made pottery, oyster shells, and a bowl in the shape of a tilapia, and two bowls, a square and a tour of kohl, a cosmetic, that the Egyptians painted the area around the eyes, as well as an on balance sheet, Ayman Ashmawy, head of the Egyptian Antiquities Sector at the supreme Council of Antiquities, said in a statement.
Some of the artifacts are much younger; a handful of them date to the Hyksos period, or about the year 1630 to 1523 B. c., These artifacts may be included to stoves and furnaces, and the remains of a mud-brick building, the foundations, the four mud-brick burials, including the remains of a child and three adults, Fathi Al-Talhawi, the head of the excavation, and the director-general of the Dakahlia state for Antiquities, said in a statement.
The other grave goods in this period included pottery, stone artifacts, and amulets, and jewelry created from semi-precious stones, and gold.
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Originally published on Live Science.