The Pakistani cotton production, an important part of the agriculture and the textile industry is in crisis. The government lays the blame at the weather and all kinds of pests, but farmers refer to problems with genetically changed seed.
The Pakistani economy achieves the targeted growth of 5.5 percent is not, as it turns out at the end of the Pakistani fiscal year. And that is due to a ‘serious setback’ in the agriculture, the minister of Finance.
On the basis of the problems is the loss of 27.8 percent of the Pakistan’s important cotton production. Well-informed farmers attributed this disaster to the widespread use of gmo seed, that official in Pakistan was introduced in 2010, but since 2005, the country was ingesmokkeld. The so-called BT cotton is 88 percent of the area of cotton.
More pesticides needed
Genetically modified organisms (gmos) around the world are up for discussion, because certain multinational companies incredibly have grown as a result of their aggressive marketing. That way they can use the global agriculture dominate, and the biodiversity is compromised.
In addition, gmo crops vulnerable to pests, allowing the cultivation of large amounts of pesticides, which poor farmers cannot afford. It is no coincidence that the producers of gmo seeds, the herbicides, and since the largest part of their income from it.
It is striking that the production of cotton has not been increased since the advent of BT cotton, while a higher return however, the selling point is. That is not immediately obvious from the official figures, because the government has the means of measurement has changed. The amount of cotton is seen in the number of bales: in the past weighed a katoenbaal 176 kilograms, since 2011, is that only 150 kilos of.
Also the yield per hectare and the area for cotton production fluctuates greatly. In fiscal year 2012 was 2.8 million hectares cultivated with a yield of 815 pounds per acre. In fiscal year 2016 (July 2015 to 30 June 2016) is 2,91 million hectares with a yield of 587 kg per hectare.
The government calls it again (regularly abundant rainfall) and pests (particularly caterpillars of the katoendaguil) as an explanation for the drop in production.
The farmers make a different sound. According to them, the poor quality of the seeds their plants vulnerable to pests, so the production drops. They prepare for a new year of crisis. According to a report in the media several cotton farmers to other crops switched.
Despite the disappointing results, the government gmo cotton seeds approve. In February, the National Biosafety Committee (NBC) is still green light for almost 100 different gmo seeds, without the appropriate procedures to follow. Therefore the companies Monsanto and Dupont gmo corn to sell without large-scale tests and risk analysis in open fields in Pakistan.
At another meeting in april, the NBC these licences are confirmed, at the express request of the prime minister. It is clear that the policy helps to make the role of the private sector on the zadenmarkt to increase. In 2015, the Seeds Act of 1976, amended to satisfy the requirements of the modern zadenindustrie to meet, and that has the American biotechreus Monsanto no money laid.
It should come as no surprise that the press of the USA came. They want that Pakistan are ‘obligations’ under treaties of the world trade organisation to comply. Previously, the production of seed and the pricing of a public matter. Now car the private sector – and especially large companies – are on the Pakistani zadenmarkt.
It is unwise to create new technology just to reject. But worse is to accept them without first thoroughly testing in local conditions.
The organization Kissan Board went to court to demand justice for the farmers. She opposes the decision to BT cotton commercialisation. After the government appeal had been filed, ended up the case in the fridge. There is yet another lawsuit against the government that the fate of BT would be able to seal. (IPS)