WASHINGTON – Zbigniew Brzezinski, who helped to overthrow economic barriers between the Soviet Union, China and the West as President Jimmy Carter’s national security advisor, died Friday. He was 89.
His death was announced on social media Friday night by his daughter, MSNBC host Mika Brzezinski. They called him “the most inspiring, loving and dedicated father a girl could ever have.”
Sincere and ambitious Brzezinski helped Carter to bridge the wide gap between the rigid Egyptian and Israeli leaders, Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin, which leads to the Camp David accords in September 1978. Three months later, the AMERICAN-chinese relations were normalized, a top priority for Brzezinski.
Born in Warsaw and educated in Canada and the United States, Brzezinski is an acknowledged expert on Communism, when he attracted the attention of AMERICAN policy makers. In the 1960s, he was the advisor of John F. Kennedy and served in the Johnson administration.
In December 1976, Carter presented Brzezinski to the position of national security advisor. He Had not wanted to be secretary of state because he felt he could be more effective to work with Carter in the White House.
Brzezinski often found himself in conflicts with colleagues, including Secretary of state Cyrus Vance. For the White House, the differences between Vance and Brzezinski was a major headache, confusing the American public about the administration of the policies of the course and the rekindling of a decline in the confidence that Carter could keep his foreign policy team working in tandem.
The Iranian hostage crisis, which began in 1979, came to dramatize America’s declining global power and influence and symbolize the failures and frustrations of the Carter administration. Brzezinski, during the first months of 1980, was also convinced that the negotiations for the kidnapped Americans were going nowhere. Supported by the Pentagon, he began to push for a military action.
Carter was desperate to end the deadlock, and pass on the objections, approved a long-shot plan to rescue the hostages. The mission, though A Desert, was a complete military and political humiliation and precipitated Vance’s resignation. Carter lost his re-election bid against Ronald Reagan in November of that year.
Brzezinski went to ruffle the feathers of Washington’s power elite 1983 with his book, ” Power and Principle,” which has been praised and maligned as a kiss-and-tell memoirs.
“I’ve never believed in flattery, or lying as a way to make it,” he told The Washington Post that year. “I have it on my own terms.”
The oldest son of Polish diplomat Tadeusz Brzezinski, Zbigniew was born on March 28, 1928, and attended Catholic schools during the time when his father was posted in France and Germany.
The family went to Montreal in 1938, when the elder Brzezinski was appointed Polish consul-general. When the Communists took power in Poland six years later he retired and moved his family to a farm in the Canadian countryside.
In his new home, the young Brzezinski started learning Russian from a farmer in the area and was quickly bitten by the foreign policy of the bug.
Brzezinski is a climb to the top of the foreign policy of the community began at canada’s McGill University, where he obtained a doctorate in economics and political science. Later at Harvard, he earned a doctorate in government, a fair and a publishing contract for his thesis about the Soviet purges as a permanent part of the totalitarianism.
Frequent trips to Eastern Europe and several books and articles in the 1950s founded Brzezinski as an expert on Communism, and by the 1960s he had begun to attract the interest of policy-makers. During his career, he would have been linked with a moderate-to-liberal groups, including the Rand Corp., the Council on Foreign Relations, Amnesty International and the NAACP.