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‘Carbs seem to be more harmful to health than fats’

‘Carbs seem to be more harmful to health than fats’

Photo: Consumers Association

A diet that consists of lots of carbs, would the risk of a stroke or early death increase. At the same time appear to be saturated fats according to a large-scale study to be less harmful than thought.

The research, published in The Lancet, involved more than 135.000 persons in the age from 35 to 70 years and coming from eighteen different countries. They gave information about their social and economic status, lifestyle, medical history and their current health. They also had to provide data on their daily diet.

From this it was calculated how many calories the onderzoekdeelnemers binnenkregen from fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. The health of them was then an average of seven years tracked for the study.

Saturated fat

During the research period died there 5.796 persons. 4.784 participants received a (severe) heart and vascular disease. The results showed that people who has lots of fat in their diet (about 35 percent of their diet consisted of fat), an average of 23 percent less risk of early death compared with people who are less fat products eat. The risk of stroke dropped by 18 percent.

Another striking result from the study is that persons who are, on average, low in saturated fat food (this is found in animal products, such as full-fat cheese, and fat meat), a greater risk of death compared with people who have this type of fat is correct more often consume.

That seems to conflict with the consensus that saturated fat and heart disease understand. According to the Nutrition increases this type of fat LDL-cholesterol in the blood, increasing the risk of the diseases increases. Well increase some types of saturated fat and the cholesterol more than other types of.

Carbohydrates

Was also looking at what role carbohydrates play in an early death and the risk of stroke. The dietary patterns for a large part consist of carbohydrates (on average 77 percent), according to this study, associated with an increase of 28 per cent on death, compared with low-carb diets.

The researchers concluded after this study that moderate amounts of saturated fat, combined with not too many carbs “may be a optimal diet”.

However, it is emphasized that there has not been looked at of which products each nutrients are coming from. Also, the influence of trans fats, which occur in milk and meat of ruminants, and even more damaging than saturated fats, is in this research not taken into account.

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