National security adviser John Bolton speaks at a Federalist Society lunch at the Mayflower Hotel, Monday, Sept. 10, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
WASHINGTON – America’s long-term reluctant relationship with the International Criminal Court came to a crashing halt on Monday, decades of the AMERICAN suspicions about the tribunal and the global jurisdiction of liquid in an open hostility, in the midst of the threat of sanctions as it explores the AMERICAN troops in Afghanistan.
National security adviser John Bolton denounced the legitimacy of The Hague court, which was established in 2002 for the prosecution of war crimes and crimes of humanity and genocide in areas where the perpetrators may not otherwise face justice. It has 123 states parties recognize that jurisdiction.
Bolton’s speech on the eve of the anniversary of the terrorist attacks of 9/11, as an ICC judge was expected to soon announce a decision on a request by prosecutors to formally open an investigation into allegations of war crimes committed by the Afghan national security forces of the Taliban and the Haqqani network of militants, and the US armed forces, and in Afghanistan since May 2003. The allegations against U.S. personnel torture and illegal detention.
“The International criminal court is unacceptable, threatens American sovereignty and U.S. national security interests,” Bolton told the Federalist Society, a conservative Washington-based think tank. Bolton also took aim at the Palestinian efforts to press war crimes against Israel for its policies in the West Bank, east Jerusalem and Gaza.
He said that the US would be the use of “all necessary means” to protect Americans and the citizens of nato countries, such as Israel, “of unjust persecution by this illegal court.” The White House said that to the extent permitted by law, the Trump administration would prohibit the ICC-judges and officers of justice in the United States, the punishment of their money in the U.S. financial system and prosecution in the AMERICAN criminal justice system.
“We will not cooperate with the ICC,” Bolton said, adding that “for all intents and purposes, the ICC is already dead for us.”
It was an extraordinary rebuke decried by human rights groups who complained it was a different Asset administration rollback of the AMERICAN leadership in demanding accountability for gross abuses.
“An AMERICAN action to scuttle the ICC questions about Afghanistan, and Palestine would show that the administration was more concerned with coddling serial rights of the perpetrators — and to deflect scrutiny of the US conduct in Afghanistan, the support of impartial justice,” said Human Rights Watch.
The American Civil Liberties Union, which is on a number of people who claim that they were detained and tortured in Afghanistan from 2003 to 2008, and can be victims or witnesses in an ICC prosecution, said Bolton’s threats were “right out of authoritarian education.”
“This misguided and harmful policy will only further isolate the United States of its closest allies and give solace to the perpetrators of war crimes and authoritarian regimes seek to evade international responsibility,” the ACLU says.
The ICC do not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Since the establishment of the court has filed charges against dozens of defendants including the former Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi, who was killed by rebels before he could be arrested, and the Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, who is accused of charges including the genocide in Darfur. Al-Bashir remains at large, as well as the Ugandan warlord Joseph Kony, who was among the first rebels charged by the court in 2005. The court has convicted only eight suspects.
The court has been hobbled by the refusal of the united states, Russia, China and other major countries to join. Others stop: Burundi and the Philippines, whose departure, announced earlier this year is in March next year.
The Clinton administration in 2000 signed the Rome Statute that the ICC but had serious reservations about the scope of the jurisdiction of the court and never submitted for ratification to the Senate, where there is a broad political opposition to what the lawmakers saw as a threat to AMERICAN sovereignty.
When George W. Bush took office in 2001, his government promoted and gave the American Service-Members Protection act, which sought to immunize U.S. troops from possible prosecution by the ICC. In 2002, Bolton is a Ministry of foreign affairs, traveled to New York to ceremoniously “unsign” the Rome Statute at the United Nations.
Bush’s first administration then embarked on a diplomatic drive countries that were members of the ICC to sign so-called Article 98 agreements bar the people from prosecuting the Americans for the court, on pain of sanctions. The administration was particularly successful in the effort, getting more than 100 countries for the signing of the agreements. Some of those people are, however, still not formally ratified.
In Bush a second term, the U.S. attitude toward the ICC shifted slightly, such as the world looked on in horror at the genocide being committed in Sudan’s western Darfur region. The administration has no objection and offered limited support to an ICC investigation in Darfur.
The Obama administration expanded that cooperation, the provision of additional support to the ICC as they explored the then Uganda-based Lord’s Resistance Army and the top leadership, including Kony.
On Monday, Bolton effectively turned Washington is back on the court, allegations of corruption and inefficiency. Above all, he took aim at the court is of the opinion that the citizens of the member-states are subject to the jurisdiction.
“The ICC is an unprecedented effort to the vesting of the power in a supranational institution without the consent of nation-states or the persons who during the exercise of jurisdiction,” Bolton said. “It certainly has no permission whatsoever from the United States.”
Associated Press writer Mike Corder in the Hague, Netherlands, contributed to this report.