Blood bank is Responsible for calling people with a Surinamese, Antillean, and African roots, in order to register as a blood donor. Why is that? Blood transfusion-doctor Jessie Luken explains.
What is blood type, anyway?
Luken: “A group is a protein or a sugar group on the outer surface of the red blood cell. You have to be positive for a group if you have that kind of structure in your cells that you have. And it is negative if the structure of your cells is missing.”
How many blood types are there?
“The blood groups A, B, AB, O and Rhesus D is the most important thing, however, there have been a total of about 360 different bloedgroepkenmerken well-known. During a blood transfusion, it is important that it is the blood of a donor matches the blood of the recipient.”
Why is it important?
“If the blood don’t fit, there’s a chance that the immune system to the donor blood as foreign to identify. Then, the body produces antibodies against an unknown blood type. There are different blood groups of which the majority of people are positive. But if you’re still negative, then the body can, in some cases, antibodies to create.”
It Is important to know your blood type?
“If there is a subsequent transfusion of the immune system, which is administered with red blood cells break down. That is, transfusion reaction, called. It has, at times, to serious consequences. In order for this to occur prior to a transfusion is examined whether a person has antibodies against the red blood cells are made.”
A little while ago and it came in with the news that the blood bank is looking for donors of non-western origin. That people have different blood?
“Yes.” A lot of people don’t. However, people from Surinam, the netherlands Antilles and African countries, often have different blood types than people with a Dutch background.”
How is it different?
“What blood type you have, it depends on the blood type of your parents. The attributes are stored in the DNA. In the course of time, as a result of the evolution of the different blood types emerged. There can be all sorts of factors, such as the conditions of life and the environment.”
“So, miss out on the African people, more often, the bloedgroepkenmerk Last. An evolutionary advantage, because some of the parasites can attach to the red blood cells, which are the bloedgroepkenmerk She does not have it. As we are in Western Europe, never to have malaria have been made in each is never developed.”
“Due to the different blood types, some of the Africans, Surinamese and Antilleans-specific blood.”
During a blood transfusion, it is important that it is the blood of a donor matches the blood of the recipient. (Image: 123RF)
And thus, there is a shortage?
“The shortage is that big a deal. There is always adequate blood available in the Netherlands. For specific blood types. We have a system in place where we have the donorpopulatie a lot of different blood groups to know and the right blood match. Thus, to walk in the forefront of the world.”
“Just have to have the right type of blood from another part of the country. It would be much easier and more effective, when more and more people of Surinamese, Antillean, and African descent of blood could donate to.”
“There are some people who are very, very rare blood is needed. This loss is, however, very rare. At that time, patients with antibody to a blood group that for more than 99 per cent of the country’s population. This type is very rare for donors to find, is likely to increase if we are donors, which may have a variety of backgrounds.”
How can it be that there are relatively few “non-western” blood donors are?
“From the research study, Lisa Klinkenberg, of is Responsible, it appears that many of the Surinamese, Antilleans, and Africans do not know their own blood, specific characteristics, or attributes, and that is why they are needed as a donor.”
“In addition, the bloeddonatiesysteem in the Netherlands other than the country of origin. Here are the donors themselves to report it. Sometimes it is in the country of birth only for blood when one family member becomes ill.”
Why do some people with a non-western background more often of blood?
“The fact that there are more bloedgerelateerde disease prevention. For those with African roots, is it to the south and to the east of the Mediterranean, and in Asia, is a genetic blood disease thalassemia are widespread. For both of these conditions are sometimes blood transfusions are needed. Sometimes it even a regular basis.”
How many donors are there in the uk?
“The netherlands has 351.000 blood and plasma donors. On average, that one and a half times per year, blood. How many people, including those from Surinam, the netherlands Antilles or of African descent, we do not know. Ethnicity is not recorded.”
“But we do know that the bloedgroepvarianten a lot of these communities to avoid, very little in our land. And there are so few people give blood.”
There Is a need for donors in general?
“There is always a need for blood and plasma donors, not just donors with specific blood types. Only with enough donors, we can demand and supply as closely as possible to each other to match. In Ikgeefbloed.nl you can find more information if you are interested in.”
Jessie Luken was like transfusiearts is connected to is Responsible for the Diagnosis.