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The Black Death, which killed about 60 per cent of the population of Europe in the 14th century, and advanced rapidly on the continent as a whole.
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena, Germany, and analysed for 34 ancient of the deadly Yersinia pestis bacterium, in order to refine exactly how the bubonic plague came to Europe. They were hoping to find out if it was a single source, or to the continent by travelers from other parts of the world.
Their findings, published Wednesday in the journal Nature Communications, show that the earliest evidence of the fatal disease of Laishevo, Russia and the Volga region. It was here that the researchers have found a strain of the bacteria that were ancestral to any of the other genomes they analyzed, according to the study.
“These findings point to a single entry of Y. pestis in Europe, in the east,” archaeogeneticist, Mary Spyrou, of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of a Human History, said in a statement.
IN A WORLD-WIDE PANDEMIC, IN WHICH COUNTRIES ARE THE SAFEST HARBOURS IN THE WORLD?
A chapel was built on the bones of people who died of the plague in the middle Ages.
((Photo: © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis images by using Getty Images))
ORGANIC MOLECULES HAVE BEEN FOUND ON SATURN’S MOON, ENCELADUS
As soon as the plague was to Europe, the researchers say, that a single strain was responsible for the Black Death, which stretches from Italy to the Uk.
If, however, the Journal Science reports of the Volga river region of Russia, it was not, per se, is ground zero for the bubonic plague, because it’s supposed to be able to be created in parts of the western Pacific, where scientists are not included in the sample, and the ancient DNA of Y. pestis.
“We have shown that an in-depth analysis of ancient Y. pestis genomes could provide unique insights into the microevolution of a pathogen over a period of a couple of hundred years,” says senior author Johannes Krause, Director of the Department of Archaeogenetics at the Max-Planck-Institute for the Science of Human History, in a statement.
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